International Journal of Spray and Combustion Dynamics, ( ISI ), Volume (2), No (1), Year (2010-3) , Pages (85-101)

Title : ( Hydrogen and carbon black production from thermal decomposition of sub-quality natural gas )

Authors: mohammad javadi , Mohammad Moghiman ,

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

The objective of this paper is computational investigation of the hydrogen and carbon black production through thermal decomposition of waste gases containing CH4 and H2S, without requiring a H2S separation process. The chemical reaction model, which involves solid carbon, sulfur compounds and precursor species for the formation of carbon black, is based on an assumed Probability Density Function (PDF) parameterized by the mean and variance of mixture fraction and β-PDF shape. The effects of feedstock mass flow rate and reactor temperature on hydrogen, carbon black, S2, SO2, COS and CS2 formation are investigated. The results show that the major factor influencing CH4 and H2S conversions is reactor temperature. For temperatures higher than 1100° K, the reactor CH4 conversion reaches 100%, whilst H2S conversion increases in temperatures higher than 1300° K. The results reveal that at any temperature, H2S conversion is less than that of CH4. The results also show that in the production of carbon black from subquality natural gas, the formation of carbon monoxide, which is occurring in parallel, play a very significant role. For lower values of feedstock flow rate, CH4 mostly burns to CO and consequently, the production of carbon black is low. The results show that the yield of hydrogen increases with increasing feedstock mass flow rate until the yield reaches a maximum value, and then drops with further increase in the feedstock mass flow rate.

Keywords

, Hydrogen, carbon black, sulfur compounds, thermal decomposition, sour natural
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@article{paperid:1015519,
author = {Javadi, Mohammad and Moghiman, Mohammad},
title = {Hydrogen and carbon black production from thermal decomposition of sub-quality natural gas},
journal = {International Journal of Spray and Combustion Dynamics},
year = {2010},
volume = {2},
number = {1},
month = {March},
issn = {1756-8277},
pages = {85--101},
numpages = {16},
keywords = {Hydrogen; carbon black; sulfur compounds; thermal decomposition; sour natural gas},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Hydrogen and carbon black production from thermal decomposition of sub-quality natural gas
%A Javadi, Mohammad
%A Moghiman, Mohammad
%J International Journal of Spray and Combustion Dynamics
%@ 1756-8277
%D 2010

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