Fuel Processing Technology, ( ISI ), Volume (88), No (5), Year (2007-5) , Pages (461-469)

Title : ( Raising Co/Al2O3 catalyst lifetime in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis by using a novel dual-bed reactor )

Authors: Ahmad Tavasoli , Ali Nakhaei Pour , Kambiz Sadaghiani ,
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Accelerated deactivation of 15 wt.% Co/Al2O3 catalyst in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis (FTS) in a single-bed and a dual-bed reactor is reported. Water was found to have a remarkable effect on the deactivation of Co/Al2O3 catalyst during FTS. Synthesis at higher temperatures and lower space velocities resulted in higher values of PH2O/(PCO + PH2) and PH2O/PCO and higher catalyst deactivation rates. Water-induced back-oxidation of cobalt, cobalt–alumina interactions, irreducible cobalt aluminates formation and refractory coke formation are the main sources of deactivation. When the water to carbon monoxide plus hydrogen ratio PH2O/(PCO + PH2) is greater than about 0.55 or water to carbon monoxide ratio PH2O/PCO is greater than about 1.5, it is not uncommon to find rapid catalyst deactivation. Separation of water and heavy hydrocarbons between the two catalytic beds of the dual-bed reactor, resulted in 62% lower catalyst deactivation rate than that of the single-bed reactor. The amount of refractory coke formation on the catalysts of the dual-bed reactor is 34% lower than that of the single-bed reactor. It was revealed that activity recovery of the used catalysts of the dual-bed is higher than that of the single-bed reactor.

Keywords

, Fischer–Tropsch; Cobalt catalyst; Dual, bed; Activity;
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@article{paperid:1035560,
author = {Ahmad Tavasoli and Nakhaei Pour, Ali and Kambiz Sadaghiani},
title = {Raising Co/Al2O3 catalyst lifetime in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis by using a novel dual-bed reactor},
journal = {Fuel Processing Technology},
year = {2007},
volume = {88},
number = {5},
month = {May},
issn = {0378-3820},
pages = {461--469},
numpages = {8},
keywords = {Fischer–Tropsch; Cobalt catalyst; Dual-bed; Activity; Lifetime},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Raising Co/Al2O3 catalyst lifetime in Fischer–Tropsch synthesis by using a novel dual-bed reactor
%A Ahmad Tavasoli
%A Nakhaei Pour, Ali
%A Kambiz Sadaghiani
%J Fuel Processing Technology
%@ 0378-3820
%D 2007

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