Journal of Membrane Science, ( ISI ), Volume (326), No (1), Year (2009-11) , Pages (627-634)

Title : ( Effect of preparation variables on morphology and pure water permeation flux through asymmetric cellulose acetate membranes )

Authors: Ehsan Saljoughi , Mohtada Sadrzadeh , Toraj Mohammadi ,

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In this study, cellulose acetate (CA) ultrafiltration (UF) membranes were prepared using the phase inversion method. Effects of CA and polyethylene glycol (PEG) concentrations in the casting solution and coagulation bath temperature (CBT) on morphology of the synthesized membranes were investigated. Based on L9 orthogonal array of Taguchi experimental design 18 membranes were synthesized (with two replications) and pure water permeation flux through them were measured. It was found out that increasing PEG concentration in the casting solution and CBT, accelerate diffusional exchange rate of solvent 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) and nonsolvent (water) and consequently facilitate formation of macrovoids in the membrane structure. Increasing CA concentration, however, slows down the demixing process. This prevents instantaneous growth of nucleuses in the membrane structure. Hence, a large number of small nucleuses are created and distributed throughout the polymer film and denser membranes are synthesized. Rate of water flux through the synthesized membranes is directly dependent on the size and number of macrovoids in the membrane structure. Thus, maximum value of flux is obtained at the highest levels of PEG concentration and CBT (10 wt.% and 23 ◦C, respectively) and the lowest level of CA concentration (13.5 wt.%). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that all parameters have significant effects on the response. However, CBT is the less influential factor than CA and PEG concentrations on the response (flux).

Keywords

Cellulose acetate; Ultrafiltration membranes; PEG additive; Phase inversion;
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@article{paperid:1035880,
author = {Saljoughi, Ehsan and Mohtada Sadrzadeh and Toraj Mohammadi},
title = {Effect of preparation variables on morphology and pure water permeation flux through asymmetric cellulose acetate membranes},
journal = {Journal of Membrane Science},
year = {2009},
volume = {326},
number = {1},
month = {November},
issn = {0376-7388},
pages = {627--634},
numpages = {7},
keywords = {Cellulose acetate; Ultrafiltration membranes; PEG additive; Phase inversion; Taguchi},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Effect of preparation variables on morphology and pure water permeation flux through asymmetric cellulose acetate membranes
%A Saljoughi, Ehsan
%A Mohtada Sadrzadeh
%A Toraj Mohammadi
%J Journal of Membrane Science
%@ 0376-7388
%D 2009

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