15th international congress on prodction diseases , 2013-06-24

Title : ( Transabdominal ultrasonography of the rmen mcosa as a potential diagnostic tool to diagnose subacute rumen acidosis )

Authors: Kamran Sharifi , seyed vahid mirmazhary anvar , Ali Mirshahi , Mehrdad Mohri , Walter Gruenberg ,

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

Subacute rumen acidosis (SARA) is frequently encountered in ruminants on high-concentrate rations and characterized by mild to moderate rumen pH depression. Although measurement of rumen pH is considered as gold standard approach to diagnose SARA, rumen fluid collection is conceived as cumbersome and invasive procedure. In the present study the suitability of transabdominal ultrasonography to identify structural changes of the rumen mucosa associated with SARA was explored. Five adult rumen canulated bulls previously adjusted to a roughage based ration were switched in 10- day intervals to rations with increasing concentrate content. Seven rations with a concentrate content ranging from 5 to 95% were fed. Rumen pH and rumen mucosal thickness was measured at the end of each 10-day feeding period. The left flank was divided into 12 acoustic windows and the mean rumen mucosal thickness for each acoustic window determined for each ration. Repeated measures ANOVA and stepwise regression analyses were conducted. Increasing the dietary concentrate content resulted in thickening of rumen mucosa that was most pronounced in the upper part of the ventral rumen sac and the least pronounced in the uppermost and lowermost parts of the rumen. The intersection of an horizontal line going through the costochondral junction and a vertical line coming from the 3rd lumbar vertebra was found to be most suitable to identify animals with rumen pH<5.5 at 4h post feeding. We conclude that transabdominal ultrasonography of the rumen mucosa has the potential to be a suitable, non-invasive diagnostic tool to identify adult ruminants with SARA.

Keywords

, Subacute rumen acidosis, ltrasonography, diagnosis,
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@inproceedings{paperid:1039854,
author = {Sharifi, Kamran and Mirmazhary Anvar, Seyed Vahid and Mirshahi, Ali and Mohri, Mehrdad and Walter Gruenberg},
title = {Transabdominal ultrasonography of the rmen mcosa as a potential diagnostic tool to diagnose subacute rumen acidosis},
booktitle = {15th international congress on prodction diseases},
year = {2013},
location = {uppsala},
keywords = {Subacute rumen acidosis; ltrasonography; diagnosis; cattle},
}

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%0 Conference Proceedings
%T Transabdominal ultrasonography of the rmen mcosa as a potential diagnostic tool to diagnose subacute rumen acidosis
%A Sharifi, Kamran
%A Mirmazhary Anvar, Seyed Vahid
%A Mirshahi, Ali
%A Mohri, Mehrdad
%A Walter Gruenberg
%J 15th international congress on prodction diseases
%D 2013

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