Rubber Chemistry and Technology, ( ISI ), Volume (89), No (2), Year (2016-4)

Title : ( Study of the Friedel-Craft co-curing of Ethylene-Propylene-Diene Rubber (EPDM) and Styrene-Butadiene Rubber (SBR) )

Authors: sara estaji , Saeed Ostad Movahed , Soheil Yazdanbakhsh , Majid Karim Nezhad ,

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Polymer blends are mixtures of at least two macro molecular species, polymers and/or copolymers. A good blend should have strong interphases between different parts of the constituent polymers. To improve adhesion and miscibility of EPDM and SBR in their blends, a Lewis acid, AlCl3 was used to form EPDM-g-SBR copolymer through Friedel-Craft reactions. The effect of blend AlCl3 content, the diene monomer content of the EPDM, the EPDM-SBR weight ratio in the blend, the room temperature aging of the blend, and the type of the oil in the blend, on crosslink reactions, were studied. The results showed that increase AlCl3 content, up to 2 phr in the formulation, was beneficial to ∆Torque ( difference between minimum and maximum torque in cure trace curve) and crosslink density (CLD) values of the compounds. The viscosity of the blends had a key role on AlCl3 curing of the compounds. As a general rule, the ∆Torque and CLD values tended to increase with diene monomer content of the EPDM. A high reduction in ∆Torque values were observed after three months of aging at room temperature. The oil incorporation was beneficial to cure parameters in the following order: oleic acid, paraffin oil, no oil, and aromatic oil, respectively. The EPDM-SBR weight ratios of 50-50 and/or 60-40 were demonstrated to be desired blend ratios.

Keywords

, Blend, EPDM, SBR, Compatibilization, Friedel-Craft
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@article{paperid:1055630,
author = {Estaji, Sara and Ostad Movahed, Saeed and Soheil Yazdanbakhsh and Majid Karim Nezhad},
title = {Study of the Friedel-Craft co-curing of Ethylene-Propylene-Diene Rubber (EPDM) and Styrene-Butadiene Rubber (SBR)},
journal = {Rubber Chemistry and Technology},
year = {2016},
volume = {89},
number = {2},
month = {April},
issn = {0035-9475},
keywords = {Blend; EPDM; SBR; Compatibilization; Friedel-Craft reactions},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Study of the Friedel-Craft co-curing of Ethylene-Propylene-Diene Rubber (EPDM) and Styrene-Butadiene Rubber (SBR)
%A Estaji, Sara
%A Ostad Movahed, Saeed
%A Soheil Yazdanbakhsh
%A Majid Karim Nezhad
%J Rubber Chemistry and Technology
%@ 0035-9475
%D 2016

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