Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing, ( ISI ), Volume (122), No (8), Year (2016-7) , Pages (1-14)

Title : ( A hybrid mathematical model for controlling particle size, particle size distribution, and color properties of toner particles )

Authors: Maryam Ataeefard , Alireza Shadman , Mohammad Reza Saeb , Yousef Mohammadi ,

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A mathematical modeling approach was proposed combining the capabilities of response surface methodology (RSM) and desirability function (DF) and implemented successfully in production of printing toner particles. Toner powders were systematically synthesized through suspension copolymerization process. Applying RSM, a series of experiments were designed and toner particles were prepared and the effects of monomer ratio, colorant and surfactant content on the particle size (PS), particle size distribution (PSD), thermal and colorimetric properties (∆E) of the resulting toner were monitored and discussed. The second-order models corresponding to each target characteristic, i.e., PS, PSD, and ∆E of different types of toner powders, were obtained by individual optimization to express variation of each property in terms of polymerization parameters. Applying statistical calculations, the best reduced models were identified to be fed in the second step of optimization. Since toners with appropriate PS, PSD, and CP were needed, we applied multi-objective optimization based on DF approach. The results show that exact tuning of toner properties is closely possible with the aid of hybrid mathematical model developed in this work. Noticeably, desirabilities are very close to 100 %.

Keywords

response surface methodology (RSM); desirability function approach
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@article{paperid:1060380,
author = {Maryam Ataeefard and Shadman, Alireza and Mohammad Reza Saeb and Yousef Mohammadi},
title = {A hybrid mathematical model for controlling particle size, particle size distribution, and color properties of toner particles},
journal = {Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing},
year = {2016},
volume = {122},
number = {8},
month = {July},
issn = {0947-8396},
pages = {1--14},
numpages = {13},
keywords = {response surface methodology (RSM); desirability function approach (DFA)},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T A hybrid mathematical model for controlling particle size, particle size distribution, and color properties of toner particles
%A Maryam Ataeefard
%A Shadman, Alireza
%A Mohammad Reza Saeb
%A Yousef Mohammadi
%J Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
%@ 0947-8396
%D 2016

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