Environmental Science and Pollution Research, ( ISI ), Year (2021-9)

Title : ( Application of alginate-immobilized microalgae beads as biosorbent for removal of total ammonia and phosphorus from water of African cichlid (Labidochromis lividus) recirculating aquaculture system )

Authors: Mehrdad Sarkheil , Maryam Ameri , Omid Safari ,

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

Abstract

Immobilizedmicroalgae are a promising approach to incorporate microalgae in recirculating aquaculture system(RAS) for water purification. In the present study, two types of biosorbents including sodium alginate–immobilized Scenedesmus spp. and Chlorella spp. beads (algal beads) and sodium alginate beads without microalgae (alginate beads) were prepared. In the first experiment (static test), the potential of two biosorbents to remove different concentrations of total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) and total phosphorus (TP) fromwater was investigated. In the second experiment, two prepared biosorbents were used as biofilter in a RAS for rearing African cichlid (Labidochromis lividus) for 30 days. The survival rate and growth indices of fingerling fish and removal efficiency of two biosorbents for TAN, NO3 —N, and TP were determined. The results of static test showed that the removal efficiency and uptake capacity of the two biosorbents for TAN and TP increased during 30 days of the experiment, and these values for the algal beadswere higher than the alginate beads. The TAN removal efficiency of the two biosorbents increased with increasing TAN concentration from 0.5 to 5 mg L−1. The application of algal beads in the RAS improved the survival rate, final weight, final length, weight gain, and daily growth index (DGI%) indices of fish compared to those cultured in the RAS containing the alginate beads and the control (P<0.05). The algal and alginate beads decreased the TAN concentration by 42.85% and 28.57% compared to the control after 30 days of cultivation period, respectively. The uptake of nitrate was not observed by the two biosorbents during cultivation period. The TP removal efficiency of algal beads reached 44.90% after 30 days. The findings of this study indicated that the sodium alginate–immobilized microalgae could be considered as a suitable biofilter to be incorporated into a RAS to improve water quality and consequently enhance the growth and health of fish.

Keywords

Microalgae . Immobilization . Alginate bead . Nitrogen removal . Phosphorus removal . RAS . Fish growth
برای دانلود از شناسه و رمز عبور پرتال پویا استفاده کنید.

@article{paperid:1086398,
author = {Sarkheil, Mehrdad and Maryam Ameri and Safari, Omid},
title = {Application of alginate-immobilized microalgae beads as biosorbent for removal of total ammonia and phosphorus from water of African cichlid (Labidochromis lividus) recirculating aquaculture system},
journal = {Environmental Science and Pollution Research},
year = {2021},
month = {September},
issn = {0944-1344},
keywords = {Microalgae . Immobilization . Alginate bead . Nitrogen removal . Phosphorus removal . RAS . Fish growth},
}

[Download]

%0 Journal Article
%T Application of alginate-immobilized microalgae beads as biosorbent for removal of total ammonia and phosphorus from water of African cichlid (Labidochromis lividus) recirculating aquaculture system
%A Sarkheil, Mehrdad
%A Maryam Ameri
%A Safari, Omid
%J Environmental Science and Pollution Research
%@ 0944-1344
%D 2021

[Download]