Experimental Biology and Medicine, ( ISI ), No (127), Year (2010-5) , Pages (326-334)

Title : ( Acute circuit-resistance exercise increases expression of lymphocyte agouti-related protein in young women )

Authors: A. Ghanbari-Niak , M. Saghebjoo , Amir Rashid Lamir , R. Fathi , R. R Kraemer ,

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Abstract Exercise-induced leukocytosis and lymphocytosis is accompanied by up-regulation and down-regulation of hundreds of genes in white blood cells (WBCs). Agouti-related protein (AgRP) is an orexigenic peptide secreted predominantly from the arcuate nucleus in the hypothalamus. AgRP affects feeding behavior and plays a role in energy and glucose homeostasis and adiposity. The purpose of the study was to determine effects of circuit resistance exercise (CRE) (9 exercises, 25 s per exercise) at different intensities on peripheral blood lymphocyte (PBL) AgRP mRNA expression and its concentrations in lymphocytes and plasma. Twenty-five young female college students were randomly divided into five groups: control, 40% 1-repetition maximum (1-RM), 60% 1-RM, 80% 1-RM and combined (40 þ 60 þ 80% 1-RM) loads. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated by a lymphocyte density gradient centrifugation method for AgRP mRNA expression. Lymphocyte ATP, glycogen, AgRP, growth hormone (GH), and plasma AgRP, GH and glucose concentrations were measured. CRE increased AgRP mRNA lymphocyte expression significantly (P, 0.0001) at all intensities. A higher and significant (P, 0.01) increase was found in the 60% 1-RM group when compared with the other groups. The CRE-induced lymphocyte AgRP expression was accompanied by elevations in plasma AgRP, glucose and GH levels as well as higher WBCs, lymphocytes and neutrophil counts. Lymphocyte AgRP and GH concentrations were significantly reduced (P, 0.05). Lymphocyte ATP content was unchanged and glycogen was reduced in the combined group but not in the other groups. Data indicate that AgRP mRNA is expressed in PBLs and that CRE increases its expression. Data also reveal that the expression of AgRP was accompanied with higher plasma AgRP and GH concentrations. Findings suggest that AgRP may provide an important signal in the immune environment and that the lymphocyte may be considered as an extrahypothalamic source of plasma AgRP following exercise stress.

Keywords

, orexigenic peptide, leukocyte, human, weight training, AgRP
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@article{paperid:1014562,
author = {A. Ghanbari-Niak and M. Saghebjoo and Rashid Lamir, Amir and R. Fathi and R. R Kraemer},
title = {Acute circuit-resistance exercise increases expression of lymphocyte agouti-related protein in young women},
journal = {Experimental Biology and Medicine},
year = {2010},
number = {127},
month = {May},
issn = {1535-3702},
pages = {326--334},
numpages = {8},
keywords = {orexigenic peptide; leukocyte; human; weight training; AgRP expression},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Acute circuit-resistance exercise increases expression of lymphocyte agouti-related protein in young women
%A A. Ghanbari-Niak
%A M. Saghebjoo
%A Rashid Lamir, Amir
%A R. Fathi
%A R. R Kraemer
%J Experimental Biology and Medicine
%@ 1535-3702
%D 2010

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