Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering, ( ISI ), Volume (52), No (1), Year (2010-1) , Pages (1-6)

Title : ( Influence of transmembrane pressure and feed concentration on the retention of arsenic, chromium and cadmium from water by nanofiltration )

Authors: Yasser Babaee , Seyed Mahmoud Mousavi , Shanaz Danesh , Ali Baratian Ghorghi ,
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One of the main toxic pollutants in drinking water is heavy metals which must be reduced to standard levels. Removal of trace amounts of heavy metals can be achieved by means of membrane processes such as nanofiltration. The removal efficiency of a nanofiltration membrane is strongly affected by operating conditions. The present study focused on the effect of two key parameters i.e. transmembrane pressure and feed concentration on the removal of heavy metals (arsenic, chromium and cadmium) from water by a polymeric nanofiltration membrane UTC-70UB charged negatively. The rejection experiments included variation of heavy metals feed concentrations in the range of 100 to 400 µgr/lit for arsenic and chromium and 20 to 80 µgr/lit for cadmium, and different transmembrane pressures in the range of 5 to 14 bar. The results indicated that under most conditions tested in this research, the rejection of heavy metals was found to increase when the transmembrane pressure was increased. Furthermore, the results showed the high rejection percentage of the heavy metals, so that the maximum retention value of arsenic, cadmium and chromium was 97%, 100% and 95% respectively. The percent reduction of arsenic and chromium was found to enhance as their concentration in the feed increased. However, in the case of cadmium, the rejection was reduced with increasing the concentration.

Keywords

Nanofiltration; Heavy metals removal; Water treatment; Operational
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@article{paperid:1015016,
author = {Babaee, Yasser and Mousavi, Seyed Mahmoud and Danesh, Shanaz and Baratian Ghorghi, Ali},
title = {Influence of transmembrane pressure and feed concentration on the retention of arsenic, chromium and cadmium from water by nanofiltration},
journal = {Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering},
year = {2010},
volume = {52},
number = {1},
month = {January},
issn = {0367-827X},
pages = {1--6},
numpages = {5},
keywords = {Nanofiltration; Heavy metals removal; Water treatment; Operational conditions},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Influence of transmembrane pressure and feed concentration on the retention of arsenic, chromium and cadmium from water by nanofiltration
%A Babaee, Yasser
%A Mousavi, Seyed Mahmoud
%A Danesh, Shanaz
%A Baratian Ghorghi, Ali
%J Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering
%@ 0367-827X
%D 2010

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