Research in Veterinary Science, ( ISI ), Volume (89), No (1), Year (2010-8) , Pages (72-77)

Title : ( Effects of anionic salts supplementation on blood pH and mineral status )

Authors: Hesam A Seifi , Mehrdad Mohri , Nima Farzaneh , - - , - - ,
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The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of a pre-partum diet with lower than recommended (DCAD = 82 mEq/kg of dietary DM) amounts of anionic salts on metabolism, health, reproductive performance and milk production in dairy cows. Sixty Holstein multiparous cows were enrolled 21 days prior to expected calving date. The animals were randomly assigned to receive one of two rations: 30 cows received anionic ration [82 mEq (NA + K  Cl  S)/kg of DM] for 21 d to parturition and the other group (n = 30) were fed a usual dry period ration (+192 mEq/kg of DM). Serum samples obtained at days 21, +3 and +21 relative to calving were analyzed for b-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA), non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), glucose, calcium (Ca), inorganic phosphorus, magnesium, chloride, sodium, potassium, cholesterol, urea, creatinine, total protein, albumin, and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Urine pH declined from 8.4 at 21 d before calving (pre-treatment) to 6.2 at day 7 pre-partum in the treatment group. Repeated-measure mixed model analysis indicated that the concentrations of Ca were significantly increased and creatinine, and AST were significantly decreased by lowering DCAD. The concentrations of BHBA, NEFA and glucose were not affected by treatment. The incidence of milk fever and culling were 5 and 11 times higher in the control group in comparison with the treatment group, respectively. The intervals from calving to first breeding and to pregnancy were not influenced by treatment. There was no group effect on average daily milk yield or fat percentage.

Keywords

Dairy cows Dietary cation–anion difference Negative energy balance Milk
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@article{paperid:1015874,
author = {Seifi, Hesam A and Mohri, Mehrdad and Farzaneh, Nima and -, - and -, -},
title = {Effects of anionic salts supplementation on blood pH and mineral status},
journal = {Research in Veterinary Science},
year = {2010},
volume = {89},
number = {1},
month = {August},
issn = {0034-5288},
pages = {72--77},
numpages = {5},
keywords = {Dairy cows Dietary cation–anion difference Negative energy balance Milk fever Culling},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Effects of anionic salts supplementation on blood pH and mineral status
%A Seifi, Hesam A
%A Mohri, Mehrdad
%A Farzaneh, Nima
%A -, -
%A -, -
%J Research in Veterinary Science
%@ 0034-5288
%D 2010

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