Journal of Membrane Science, ( ISI ), Volume (376), No (1), Year (2011-4) , Pages (188-195)

Title : ( Gas separation properties of polyether-based polyurethane–silica nanocomposite membranes )

Authors: Morteza Sadeghi , Mohammad Ali Semsarzadeh , Mehdi Barikani , Mahdi Pourafshari Chenar ,

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In this study, the effect of silica nanoparticles on the gas permeation properties of polyether-based polyurethane membrane was investigated. Polyether-based polyurethane was synthesized by bulk twostep polymerization of polypropylene glycol/hexamethylenediisocyanate (HMDI)/1,4-butanediol (BDO) in mole ratios of 1:3:2. Silica nanoparticles were prepared through the sol–gel method by hydrolysis of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS). Polyurethane and polyurethane–silica nanocomposite membranes were prepared by solution blending and casting method. The prepared polyurethane–silica membranes were characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope (SEM), thermal gravimetery analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analyses. These methods confirmed the homogenous and nano scale distribution of silica nanoparticles in prepared polymers. Gas permeation properties of polyurethane–silica nanocomposite membranes with silica content of 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 wt.% was studied for pure CO2, CH4, N2 and O2 gases. The obtained results indicated the reduction in permeability of all gases, but enhancement in CO2/N2, CO2/CH4 and O2/N2 selectivities was observed by increasing the content of non-permeable silica nanoparticles in polyurethane–silica membranes. In the case of polyurethane–silica (20 wt.%) nanocomposite membrane, the obtained CO2/N2 selectivity was 1.65 times of pure polyurethane, while theCO2 permeability reduction of polyurethane–silicamembranes was 35.6% in comparison with pure polyurethane. Finally, the modified Higuchi model was applied to predict the permeability of polyurethane–silica membranes and fairly good agreement was observed between experimental and predicted gas permeabilities of these membranes.

Keywords

, Membrane, Polyurethane, Silica, Nanocomposite, Gas
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@article{paperid:1022490,
author = {Morteza Sadeghi and Mohammad Ali Semsarzadeh and Mehdi Barikani and Pourafshari Chenar, Mahdi},
title = {Gas separation properties of polyether-based polyurethane–silica nanocomposite membranes},
journal = {Journal of Membrane Science},
year = {2011},
volume = {376},
number = {1},
month = {April},
issn = {0376-7388},
pages = {188--195},
numpages = {7},
keywords = {Membrane; Polyurethane; Silica; Nanocomposite; Gas permeation},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Gas separation properties of polyether-based polyurethane–silica nanocomposite membranes
%A Morteza Sadeghi
%A Mohammad Ali Semsarzadeh
%A Mehdi Barikani
%A Pourafshari Chenar, Mahdi
%J Journal of Membrane Science
%@ 0376-7388
%D 2011

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