Tropical Animal Health and Production, ( ISI ), Volume (44), No (5), Year (2012-6) , Pages (965-968)

Title : ( Reproductive performance in out-of-breeding season of fatty ewes using implant norgestomet with or without PMSG )

Authors: Massoud Talebkhan Garoussi , Nima Farzaneh , Ehsan Gallehdar , Mehrdad Mohri ,

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Pregnancy in out-of-breeding season in ewes increases the economical goals. Synchronization of estrus and ovulation is essential for above program. The aims of this study using implant norgestomet with or without Pregnant Mare Serum Gonadotropin (PMSG) were to evaluate the serum progesterone (P4) concentration changes: the conception rate and estimation of the lambing rate and litter size. In total, 80 non-cycling multiparous Iranian Kurdish breed fat-tailed ewes with <0/5 ng/ml P4 were used in April and May 2008 in the suburb of Mashhad, Iran. The animals were randomly divided into three groups: a control group (n=30) without hormonal treatment, another group (n=25) received 3 mg of norgestomet implant placed subcutaneously in the convex surface of the ear for 9 days, and the third group (n=25) treated with 3 mg of norgestomet implant for 9 days with an IM injection of 500 IU PMSG at implant removal. The progesterone of treatment and control groups were measured on days 4, 9, and 13 after removal of the norgestomet using radioimmunoassay. Every five ewes were exposed to one ram after 24 h of norgestomet removal in treatment and control groups, simultaneously. The pregnancy was examined after 25 days of ram removal using ultrasonography. Progesterone concentration was significantly higher in treatment groups on 9 and 13 days after norgestomet removal (P<0.05). The pregnancy rate in the control, non- PMSG, and PMSG treatments groups were 17%, 52%, and 72%, respectively. The rates of single and twin pregnancy in the non-PMSG treatment group were 69% and 31%, respectively. These rates in norgestomet and PMSG treatment group were 50% and 39%, respectively. Triplet pregnancy (11%) was observed only in the PMSG treatment group. It was concluded that using implant norgestomet especially accompanied with PMSG can increase and improve the fertilization rate of ewe in the out-of-breeding season program.

Keywords

, Ewe . Norgestomet . PMSG . Out, of, season . Reproductive
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@article{paperid:1027853,
author = {Talebkhan Garoussi, Massoud and Farzaneh, Nima and Gallehdar, Ehsan and Mohri, Mehrdad},
title = {Reproductive performance in out-of-breeding season of fatty ewes using implant norgestomet with or without PMSG},
journal = {Tropical Animal Health and Production},
year = {2012},
volume = {44},
number = {5},
month = {June},
issn = {0049-4747},
pages = {965--968},
numpages = {3},
keywords = {Ewe . Norgestomet . PMSG . Out-of-season . Reproductive performance},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Reproductive performance in out-of-breeding season of fatty ewes using implant norgestomet with or without PMSG
%A Talebkhan Garoussi, Massoud
%A Farzaneh, Nima
%A Gallehdar, Ehsan
%A Mohri, Mehrdad
%J Tropical Animal Health and Production
%@ 0049-4747
%D 2012

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