Fluid Phase Equilibria, ( ISI ), Volume (275), No (1), Year (2009-6) , Pages (70-77)

Title : ( A nonelectrolyte local composition model and its application in the correlation of the mean activity coefficient of aqueous electrolyte solutions )

Authors: Ali Haghtalab , Seyed Hossein Mazloumi ,

Access to full-text not allowed by authors

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

The local composition models have been widely used for the correlation of activity coefficient of nonelectrolyte and electrolyte solutions. A new equation for the excess Gibbs energy function is developed based on the local composition expression of Wilson and the random reference state. This new function, the nonelectrolyte Wilson nonrandom factor (N-Wilson-NRF) model, is presented in the form of a molecular framework so that it can be used for both nonelectrolyte and electrolyte solutions. Without any particular assumptions for ionic solutions, the new function is used to described the short-range contribution of the excess Gibbs energy of electrolyte solutions. The long-range contribution is represented by Pitzer–Debye–Hückel model. With two adjustable parameters per electrolyte, the new model is applied to correlate the mean activity coefficients of more than 150 binary aqueous electrolyte solutions at 25 ◦C. The results are compared with various local composition models such as the electrolyte-NRTL, electrolyte NRF-Wilson and electrolyte-NRTL-NRF models. The comparison of the results with experiment demonstrates that the new model can correlate the experimental data accurately. Moreover, the model shows high precision of predictability for the osmotic coefficient of binary electrolyte solutions.

Keywords

Local composition model Electrolyte Activity coefficient Osmotic coefficient Gibbs energy function Nonrandom
برای دانلود از شناسه و رمز عبور پرتال پویا استفاده کنید.

@article{paperid:1032712,
author = {Ali Haghtalab and Mazloumi, Seyed Hossein},
title = {A nonelectrolyte local composition model and its application in the correlation of the mean activity coefficient of aqueous electrolyte solutions},
journal = {Fluid Phase Equilibria},
year = {2009},
volume = {275},
number = {1},
month = {June},
issn = {0378-3812},
pages = {70--77},
numpages = {7},
keywords = {Local composition model Electrolyte Activity coefficient Osmotic coefficient Gibbs energy function Nonrandom factor},
}

[Download]

%0 Journal Article
%T A nonelectrolyte local composition model and its application in the correlation of the mean activity coefficient of aqueous electrolyte solutions
%A Ali Haghtalab
%A Mazloumi, Seyed Hossein
%J Fluid Phase Equilibria
%@ 0378-3812
%D 2009

[Download]