Journal of Applied Polymer Science, ( ISI ), Volume (111), No (1), Year (2009-1) , Pages (2537-2544)

Title : ( Effect of Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) Concentration and Coagulation Bath Temperature on the Morphology, Permeability, and Thermal Stability of Asymmetric Cellulose Acetate Membranes )

Authors: Ehsan Saljoughi , Mohammad Amirilargani , Toraj Mohammadi ,
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Cellulose acetate (CA) is widely used in membrane processes. In this study, CA (weight-average molecular weight ¼ 52,000) was mixed with poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP; weight-average molecular weight ¼ 15,000) as an additive in 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidone as a solvent. The phase-inversion method was used for the preparation of flat-sheet membranes. The effects of PVP concentration and coagulation bath temperature (CBT) on the morphology, pure water permeation flux, and thermal stability of the prepared membranes were studied and are discussed in this article. The solute rejection of the developed CA membranes was quantified with an insulin protein solution. The results showed that an increase in the CBT levels from 0 to 23C along with an increase in the PVP concentration in the cast film from 0 to 1.5 wt % resulted in an increase in the macrovoid formation in the membrane sublayer, an increase in the pure water flux (PWF), and a decrease in insulin rejection. Further increases in the PVP concentration from 1.5 to 3, 6, and 9 wt % resulted in gradual suppression of the macrovoid formation, a decrease in PWF, and an increase in insulin rejection. Higher PVP concentrations and lower CBT levels also appeared to result in higher glass-transition temperatures.

Keywords

additives; membranes; phase
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@article{paperid:1035909,
author = {Saljoughi, Ehsan and Mohammad Amirilargani and Toraj Mohammadi},
title = {Effect of Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) Concentration and Coagulation Bath Temperature on the Morphology, Permeability, and Thermal Stability of Asymmetric Cellulose Acetate Membranes},
journal = {Journal of Applied Polymer Science},
year = {2009},
volume = {111},
number = {1},
month = {January},
issn = {0021-8995},
pages = {2537--2544},
numpages = {7},
keywords = {additives; membranes; phase separation},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Effect of Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) Concentration and Coagulation Bath Temperature on the Morphology, Permeability, and Thermal Stability of Asymmetric Cellulose Acetate Membranes
%A Saljoughi, Ehsan
%A Mohammad Amirilargani
%A Toraj Mohammadi
%J Journal of Applied Polymer Science
%@ 0021-8995
%D 2009

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