Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, ( ISI ), Volume (14), No (1), Year (2013-9) , Pages (238-249)

Title : ( Forecasting natural gas spot prices with nonlinear modeling using Gamma test analysis )

Authors: Narges Salehnia , Mohammad Ali Falahi , Ahmad Seifi , Mohammod Hossin Mahdavi Adeli ,

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Developing models for accurate natural gas spot price forecasting is critical because these forecasts are useful in determining a whole range of regulatory decisions covering both supply and demand of natural gas or for market participants. A price forecasting modeler needs to use trial and error to build mathematical models (such as ANN) for different input combinations. This is very time consuming since the modeler needs to calibrate and test different model structures with all the likely input combinations. In addition, there is no guidance about how many data points should be used in the calibration and what accuracy the best model is able to achieve. In this study, the Gamma test has been used for the first time as a mathematically nonparametric nonlinear smooth modeling tool to choose the best input combination before calibrating and testing models. Then, several nonlinear models have been developed efficiently with the aid of the Gamma test, including regression models; Local Linear Regression (LLR), Dynamic Local Linear Regression (DLLR) and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) models. We used daily, weekly and monthly spot prices in Henry Hub from Jan 7, 1997 to Mar 20, 2012 for modeling and forecasting. Comparison of the results of regression models show that DLLR model yields higher correlation coefficient and lower MSError than LLR and will make steadily better predictions. The calibrated ANN models show the shorter the period of forecasting, the more accurate results will be. Therefore, the forecasting model of daily spot prices with ANN can provide an accurate view. Moreover, the ANN models have superior performance compared with LLR and DLLR. Although ANN models present a close up view and a high accuracy of natural gas spot price trend forecasting in different timescales, their ability in forecasting price shocks of the market is not notable.


, Natural gas, Spot price forecasting, Gamma test, Nonparametric nonlinear
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author = {Salehnia, Narges and Falahi, Mohammad Ali and Seifi, Ahmad and Mahdavi Adeli, Mohammod Hossin},
title = {Forecasting natural gas spot prices with nonlinear modeling using Gamma test analysis},
journal = {Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering},
year = {2013},
volume = {14},
number = {1},
month = {September},
issn = {1875-5100},
pages = {238--249},
numpages = {11},
keywords = {Natural gas; Spot price forecasting; Gamma test; Nonparametric nonlinear model},


%0 Journal Article
%T Forecasting natural gas spot prices with nonlinear modeling using Gamma test analysis
%A Salehnia, Narges
%A Falahi, Mohammad Ali
%A Seifi, Ahmad
%A Mahdavi Adeli, Mohammod Hossin
%J Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering
%@ 1875-5100
%D 2013