Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume (62), No (1), Year (2015-10) , Pages (83-89)

Title : ( The Effect of Dual Task and Executive Training on Pattern of Gait in Older Adults with Balance Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Trial )

Authors: elaheh azadian , Hamid Reza Taheri , Alireza Saberi Kakhki , نادر فرهپور ,

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Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of two different approaches of dual-task training and executive training on pattern of gait in older adults with balance impairment. Methods: Thirty older adults with the mean age of 73.8 participated in the study. They scored 52 or less on the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), and walked with a self-selected gait speed of 1.1m/s or less. Participants were randomly assigned to one of the three groups: experimental group one (cognitive dual-task (CDT) training) that focused on gait performance under dual task condition; experimental group two (executive function (EF) training) who underwent 3 types of training on working memory, inhibition, speed of processing; and a control group. Subjects walked 10 meters, under single-task and dual-task (DT) conditions where kinematics parameters were recorded. Participants in experimental groups received 45-minute training sessions, 3 times a week for 8 weeks. The data obtained was analyzed using repeated measure at a criterion p-value of 0.05. Results: The results showed that after training, changes of walking speed, length of stride and step, times of stride, step, single support, and double support, were significant at p< 0.05. Asymmetry index in walking with dual task condition increased significantly, but after training asymmetry in DT condition decreased significantly in EF group. Conclusions: Both training groups showed improvements in gait parameters in the post test compared with that in the control group; however, in EF training group, symmetry of limbs and inter-coordination, improved more than that in CDT group.

Keywords

, Dual task training, Executive function training, Gait kinematic,
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@article{paperid:1050186,
author = {Azadian, Elaheh and Taheri, Hamid Reza and Saberi Kakhki, Alireza and نادر فرهپور},
title = {The Effect of Dual Task and Executive Training on Pattern of Gait in Older Adults with Balance Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Trial},
journal = {Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics},
year = {2015},
volume = {62},
number = {1},
month = {October},
issn = {0167-4943},
pages = {83--89},
numpages = {6},
keywords = {Dual task training; Executive function training; Gait kinematic; Asymmetry},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T The Effect of Dual Task and Executive Training on Pattern of Gait in Older Adults with Balance Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Trial
%A Azadian, Elaheh
%A Taheri, Hamid Reza
%A Saberi Kakhki, Alireza
%A نادر فرهپور
%J Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
%@ 0167-4943
%D 2015

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