Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, ( ISI ), Volume (68), No (1), Year (2016-10) , Pages (379-386)

Title : ( Optimization of the activity of KOH/calcium aluminate nanocatalyst for biodiesel production using response surface methodology )

Authors: hamed nayebzadeh , Nasser Saghatoleslami , Mohammad Tabasizadeh ,

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In this study, alumina and calcium aluminate were prepared through microwave combustion method (MCM) and then were modified by potassium hydroxide as solid base catalysts. The catalytic activities were evaluated in the transesterification reaction of canola oil. The characteristic properties of the sam- ples determined by XRD, FTIR, TG, BET surface area, basicity by Hammett indicator, SEM and EDX showed that the alpha phase of alumina and monocalcium aluminate (CaAl 2 O 4 ) were successfully synthesized by MCM. However, the samples showed less basicity and activity whereas these properties were mean- ingfully increased by KOH loading. Moreover, the surface area of monocalcium aluminate was increased from 38.9 to 48.1 m 2 /g by loading of potassium components. To obtain a catalyst with highest activity and basicity, the calcium oxide and potassium group precursor dosages on aluminum oxide were opti- mized using the response surface methodology (RSM). The optimal parameters obtained were calcium oxide/alumina molar ratio of 1.48:1 and 23 wt.% potassium hydroxide to CaO-Al 2 O 3 . The yield in the op- timal condition was 96.7% (the predicted yield was 98.3%) where the transesterification reaction was performed in conditions of 65 °C, 3.5 wt.% catalyst, 12:1 molar ratio of methanol-to-oil and 4 h reaction time. The catalyst maintained its activity for at least three times.

Keywords

Calcium oxide Calcium aluminate Microwave combustion method (MCM) Biodiesel Response surface
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@article{paperid:1059022,
author = {Nayebzadeh, Hamed and Saghatoleslami, Nasser and Tabasizadeh, Mohammad},
title = {Optimization of the activity of KOH/calcium aluminate nanocatalyst for biodiesel production using response surface methodology},
journal = {Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers},
year = {2016},
volume = {68},
number = {1},
month = {October},
issn = {1876-1070},
pages = {379--386},
numpages = {7},
keywords = {Calcium oxide Calcium aluminate Microwave combustion method (MCM) Biodiesel Response surface methodology},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Optimization of the activity of KOH/calcium aluminate nanocatalyst for biodiesel production using response surface methodology
%A Nayebzadeh, Hamed
%A Saghatoleslami, Nasser
%A Tabasizadeh, Mohammad
%J Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
%@ 1876-1070
%D 2016

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