12th International Seminar on Polymer Science and Technology , 2016-11-02

Title : ( Effect of using mixture of solvents on membrane structure and its performance in forward osmosis process )

Authors: tahereh jafarpour , Zahra Maghsoud , Seyed Mahmoud Mousavi ,
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The need for membrane development is a challenge in forward osmosis process. In this study, cellulose acetate membranes were prepared by using a mixture of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) and acetone with different ratios as solvent. SEM photographs showed that by increasing the NMP concentration in solvent mixture from 25 to 50 wt.%, significant structural change from sponge-like to finger-like occurred. Investigation of membrane performance in forward osmosis process showed that by increasing the acetone percentage in the NMP/acetone mixture from 0 to 50% due to decreased membrane porosity, the water flux and reverse solute flux decreased from 6.79 to 4.97 l/(m2 h) and 75.67 to 48.47 g/(m2 h), respectively. So by increasing acetone in NMP/acetone mixture due to lower solute reverse flux, membrane performance improved.

Keywords

Forward osmosis – cellulose acetate – membrane – solvent
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@inproceedings{paperid:1061180,
author = {Jafarpour, Tahereh and Maghsoud, Zahra and Mousavi, Seyed Mahmoud},
title = {Effect of using mixture of solvents on membrane structure and its performance in forward osmosis process},
booktitle = {12th International Seminar on Polymer Science and Technology},
year = {2016},
location = {تهران, IRAN},
keywords = {Forward osmosis – cellulose acetate – membrane – solvent mixture},
}

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%0 Conference Proceedings
%T Effect of using mixture of solvents on membrane structure and its performance in forward osmosis process
%A Jafarpour, Tahereh
%A Maghsoud, Zahra
%A Mousavi, Seyed Mahmoud
%J 12th International Seminar on Polymer Science and Technology
%D 2016

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