Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, ( ISI ), Volume (38), No (1), Year (2017-9) , Pages (234-245)

Title : ( Sono-synthesis of solar light responsive S–N–C–tri doped TiO2 photo-catalyst under optimized conditions for degradation and mineralization of Diclofenac )

Authors: SARA RAMANDY , Mohammad Hassan Entezari , نرجس غوث ,

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C–N–S–tri doped TiO2 anatase phase was synthesized using a facile, effective and novel sonochemical method at low frequency (20 kHz) and at room temperature. Titanium butoxide as the titanium precursor and thiourea as the dopant source were used in the synthesis of the photo-catalyst. The effects of important parameters such as thiourea/Ti molar ratio, ultrasound intensity, sonication time and temperature were studied on the synthesis of tri-doped TiO2. The XPS results confirmed the presence of N, S, and C in the photo-catalyst. The photo-catalytic efficiency of the synthesized catalyst was studied toward the removal of Diclofenac as a model pharmaceutical organic pollutant. The results confirmed that the photo-catalyst synthesized with narrower band gap energy, shorter sonication time and higher ultrasound intensity leads to a rapid removal of Diclofenac. The effect of operational variables on the photo-catalytic activity of C–N–S tri doped TiO2 nanoparticles was studied and optimized using the Taguchi method as a statistical technique. Additionally, the degradation process followed the pseudofirst- order kinetics model and the highest apparent rate constant of 0.0632 min1 achieved in 90 min. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) analysis confirmed that the mineralization took place completely (100%) under the optimized conditions in 180 min. Different scavengers were applied during the degradation process and active species such as OH and O2  had key roles in the photo-catalytic process.

Keywords

Ultrasound S–N–C–tri doped TiO2
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@article{paperid:1062112,
author = {RAMANDY, SARA and Entezari, Mohammad Hassan and نرجس غوث},
title = {Sono-synthesis of solar light responsive S–N–C–tri doped TiO2 photo-catalyst under optimized conditions for degradation and mineralization of Diclofenac},
journal = {Ultrasonics Sonochemistry},
year = {2017},
volume = {38},
number = {1},
month = {September},
issn = {1350-4177},
pages = {234--245},
numpages = {11},
keywords = {Ultrasound S–N–C–tri doped TiO2 nanoparticles Diclofenac Mineralization Sunlight},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Sono-synthesis of solar light responsive S–N–C–tri doped TiO2 photo-catalyst under optimized conditions for degradation and mineralization of Diclofenac
%A RAMANDY, SARA
%A Entezari, Mohammad Hassan
%A نرجس غوث
%J Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
%@ 1350-4177
%D 2017

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