2nd International Symposium on Saffron Biology and Technology , 2006-10-28

Title : Organic Saffron in Iran: prospects and challenges ( Organic Saffron in Iran: prospects and challenges )

Authors: Reza Ghorbani , Alireza Koocheki ,

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Abstract: Saffron is an economic crop of low input agricultural systems of South Khorasan. In terms of economic productivity this crop is one of the most efficient water saving crops in the world. Basically evolution of farming practices for saffron has been based on an “organic” system of production. Saffron growers in Iran till recently used no external input for production of saffron and all the inputs used were internal. Agronomic practices such as application of organic fertilizers, non-chemical methods for pests and weed control, complete family labour work for production and processing, share-cropping and socio-cultural environment surrounding the whole process of saffron is in compliance with organic farming principles. In other words, Iranian saffron is mostly based on an organic production, but this system of production is in fact “organic by neglect” and is not recognised by the present system of international certification, therefore, an internal control system (ICS), which was proposed by IFOAM for the first time in 1996, is appropriate for organic saffron in Iran. This type of control which is based on group certification is cost effective and has been suggested for small producers . In this method smallholders are organized into a single group with an internal support structure and a de facto inspection system.

Keywords

Crocus sativus; Spice production; Agronomy; Pesticide and Organic
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@inproceedings{paperid:1005511,
author = {Ghorbani, Reza and Koocheki, Alireza},
title = {Organic Saffron in Iran: prospects and challenges},
booktitle = {2nd International Symposium on Saffron Biology and Technology},
year = {2006},
location = {مشهد, IRAN},
keywords = {Crocus sativus; Spice production; Agronomy; Pesticide and Organic farming},
}

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%0 Conference Proceedings
%T Organic Saffron in Iran: prospects and challenges
%A Ghorbani, Reza
%A Koocheki, Alireza
%J 2nd International Symposium on Saffron Biology and Technology
%D 2006

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