International Journal of Horticultural Science, Volume (14), No (3), Year (2008-8) , Pages (31-33)

Title : ( Abnormalities of the stigma of sour cherry cultivar )

Authors: Gholam Hossein Davarynejad , - Szabó T , - Szabó Z , - , Nyéki J., , Holb I. ,

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Summary: The objective of this study was to evaluate the ratio of blackness of the surface of stigma of sour cherry cultivars. At the full bloom time of sour cherry 100 new opened flowers were marked in the internal (Inside), external (outside), bottom and upper parts of the crown of each cultivars including sour cherry cultivars ‘Érdi bôtermô’, ‘Debreceni bôtermô’, ‘Kántorjánosi’, ‘R. clone’, ‘Petri’, ‘Pándy’, and ‘D. clone’. The trees were replicated four times. The numbers of flowers with black stigma were counted and the percentage of dead stigma was calculated. In addition, tissues of black stigmata were investigated for blossom pathogens by microscopy. After flowering time the fruit set of the marked flowers counted and then percentage fruit set was calculated. Numbers of counted flowers were between 300 and 980 depending on the four position of the tree. Black color of stigma could be seen only on three cultivars (‘Debreceni bôtermô’, ‘Érdi bôtermô’ and ‘Petri’) out of seven assessed cultivars. The highest numbers of black colored stigma were found on cultivar ‘Érdi bôtermô’ which ranged between incidences of 12 and 21%. Black stigma was never able to produce a fruit set.Microscopic examination revealed no pathogens associated with black stigma. Different part of the tree resulted different amount of black stigma. Black stigma was the largest on the outer part of the tree on cv. ‘Érdi bôtermô’ but also bottom part of the tree also produced larger number of black stigma on cvs. ‘Debreceni bôtermô’ and ’Érdi bôtermô’. Though symptoms were not typical to frost damage, we believe that black stigma is probably due to environmental factors during flowering. This might be associated with late spring cold coming from the soil surface as the bottom and outer part of the tree was more suffered from the disease


, stigmata, sour cherry, floral biology, fruit set
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author = {Davarynejad, Gholam Hossein and - Szabó T and - Szabó Z and - , Nyéki J., and Holb I.},
title = {Abnormalities of the stigma of sour cherry cultivar},
journal = {International Journal of Horticultural Science},
year = {2008},
volume = {14},
number = {3},
month = {August},
issn = {1585-0404},
pages = {31--33},
numpages = {2},
keywords = {stigmata; sour cherry; floral biology; fruit set},


%0 Journal Article
%T Abnormalities of the stigma of sour cherry cultivar
%A Davarynejad, Gholam Hossein
%A - Szabó T
%A - Szabó Z
%A - , Nyéki J.,
%A Holb I.
%J International Journal of Horticultural Science
%@ 1585-0404
%D 2008