Journal of Radiological Protection, ( ISI ), Volume (27), No (4), Year (2007-12) , Pages (457-464)

Title : ( Improving the safety of a body composition analyser based on the PGNAA method )

Authors: Reza Izadi Najafabadi , Seyyed Hashem Miri Hakimabad , HAMED PANJEH ,

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The 252Cf radioisotope and 241Am–Be are intense neutron emitters that are readily encapsulated in compact, portable and sealed sources. Some features such as high flux of neutron emission and reliable neutron spectrum of these sources make them suitable for the prompt gamma neutron activation analysis (PGNAA) method. The PGNAA method can be used in medicine for neutron radiography and body chemical composition analysis. 252Cf and 241Am– Be sources generate not only neutrons but also are intense gamma emitters. Furthermore, the sample in medical treatments is a human body, so it may be exposed to the bombardments of these gamma-rays. Moreover, accumulations of these high-rate gamma-rays in the detector volume cause simultaneous pulses that can be piled up and distort the spectra in the region of interest (ROI). In order to remove these disadvantages in a practical way without being concerned about losing the thermal neutron flux, a gamma-ray filter made of Pb must be employed. The paper suggests a relatively safe body chemical composition analyser (BCCA) machine that uses a spherical Pb shield, enclosing the neutron source. Gamma-ray shielding effects and the optimum radius of the spherical Pb shield have been investigated, using the MCNP-4C code, and compared with the unfiltered case, the bare source. Finally, experimental results demonstrate that an optimised gamma-ray shield for the neutron source in a BCCA can reduce effectively the risk of exposure to the 252Cf and 241Am–Be sources.


body composition analyser; PGNAA; MCNP
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author = {Izadi Najafabadi, Reza and Miri Hakimabad, Seyyed Hashem and PANJEH, HAMED},
title = {Improving the safety of a body composition analyser based on the PGNAA method},
journal = {Journal of Radiological Protection},
year = {2007},
volume = {27},
number = {4},
month = {December},
issn = {0952-4746},
pages = {457--464},
numpages = {7},
keywords = {body composition analyser; PGNAA; MCNP},


%0 Journal Article
%T Improving the safety of a body composition analyser based on the PGNAA method
%A Izadi Najafabadi, Reza
%A Miri Hakimabad, Seyyed Hashem
%J Journal of Radiological Protection
%@ 0952-4746
%D 2007