Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, ( ISI ), Volume (17), No (6), Year (2009-12) , Pages (456-463)

Title : ( Substance Use and the Paradox of Good and Bad Attentional Bias )

Authors: Javad Salehi Fadardi , Seyede soleil Ziaee , Zohreh Sepehri Shamloo ,

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Habitual substance use is associated with attentional bias for stimuli related to the use. The current study tested whether individuals’ substance use can be predicted from their attentional bias for concern-related and substance-related stimuli. Participants (N 71; 54% male) were selected among university students and the community. The study was conducted in Iran, in which alcohol consumption is illegal. Participants completed a substance use questionnaire and classic, substance-, and concern-related Stroop tests. The results show that after controlling for demographic variables and classic Stroop interference, increases in substance-related but decreases in concern-related reaction times predicted the amount of substances that had been consumed by the participants. Individuals’ attentional bias for both substance-related and substance-unrelated goals may be important in predicting substance use behavior. The implication of the findings for treatment prognosis has been discussed.


, substance use, attentional bias, concern, Stroop test
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author = {Salehi Fadardi, Javad and Ziaee, Seyede Soleil and Sepehri Shamloo, Zohreh},
title = {Substance Use and the Paradox of Good and Bad Attentional Bias},
journal = {Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology},
year = {2009},
volume = {17},
number = {6},
month = {December},
issn = {1064-1297},
pages = {456--463},
numpages = {7},
keywords = {substance use; attentional bias; concern; Stroop test},


%0 Journal Article
%T Substance Use and the Paradox of Good and Bad Attentional Bias
%A Salehi Fadardi, Javad
%A Ziaee, Seyede Soleil
%A Sepehri Shamloo, Zohreh
%J Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
%@ 1064-1297
%D 2009