Pakistan Journal of Botany, ( ISI ), Volume (42), No (5), Year (2010-9) , Pages (3517-3524)

Title : ( EFFECT OF DROUGHT STRESS ON WATER STATUS, ELECROLYTE LEAKAGE AND ENZYMATIC ANTIOXIDANTS OF KOCHIA (KOCHIA SCOPARIA) UNDER SALINE CONDITION )

Authors: ali masomi , Mohammad Kafi , Hamid Reza Khazaei , Kamran Davary ,

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Drought stress is considered as the main factor of yield limitations in arid and semi-arid areas, where drought and salinity stresses are usually combined. Kochia species have recently attracted the attention of researchers as forage and fodder crop in marginal lands worldwide due to its drought and salt tolerant characters. This field experiment was performed at the Salinity Research Station (36°15´N, 59°28´E) of Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran in 2008, in a split plot based on randomized complete block design with three replications. Three levels of drought stress (control, no irrigation in vegetative stage (recovery treatment) and no irrigation at reproductive stage for one month (stress treatment)), and two Kochia ecotypes (Birjand and Borujerd) were allocated as main and sub-plots, respectively. Relative water content (RWC), membrane permeability and antioxidant enzymes were assayed at the beginning of anthesis. Stress treatment caused a significant decrease in the leaf RWC and increase in electrolyte leakage compared with control and recovered conditions. Furthermore, stress treatment caused a significant increase in antioxidant enzyme activities except of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POX). The Birjand ecotype was significantly more tolerant to drought than Borujerd ecotype. According to the results, there were no difference between recovered plants and control treatment, therefore, Kochia can recover quickly after removing drought stress. Kochia showed high tolerance against drought and salinity stresses and different antioxidant enzymes had different behavior under stress conditions.

Keywords

, Relative water content, Electrolyte leakage, Osmotic
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@article{paperid:1018619,
author = {Masomi, Ali and Kafi, Mohammad and Khazaei, Hamid Reza and Davary, Kamran},
title = {EFFECT OF DROUGHT STRESS ON WATER STATUS, ELECROLYTE LEAKAGE AND ENZYMATIC ANTIOXIDANTS OF KOCHIA (KOCHIA SCOPARIA) UNDER SALINE CONDITION},
journal = {Pakistan Journal of Botany},
year = {2010},
volume = {42},
number = {5},
month = {September},
issn = {0556-3321},
pages = {3517--3524},
numpages = {7},
keywords = {Relative water content; Electrolyte leakage; Osmotic adgustment},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T EFFECT OF DROUGHT STRESS ON WATER STATUS, ELECROLYTE LEAKAGE AND ENZYMATIC ANTIOXIDANTS OF KOCHIA (KOCHIA SCOPARIA) UNDER SALINE CONDITION
%A Masomi, Ali
%A Kafi, Mohammad
%A Khazaei, Hamid Reza
%A Davary, Kamran
%J Pakistan Journal of Botany
%@ 0556-3321
%D 2010

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