International Journal of Developmental Biology, ( ISI ), Volume (55), No (2), Year (2011-6) , Pages (175-180)

Title : ( Altered patterns of differentiation in karyotypically abnormal human embryonic stem cells )

Authors: ALIREZA FAZELI , CHEE-GEE LIEW , Maryam Moghaddam Matin , SARAH ELLIOTT , LAURENT F.C. JEANMEURE , PHILLIP C. WRIGHT , HARRY MOORE , PETER W. ANDREWS ,

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Upon prolonged culture, human embryonic stem (hES) cells undergo adaptation, exhibiting decreased population doubling times and increased cloning efficiencies, often associated with karyotypic changes. To test whether culture adaptation influences the patterns of differentiation of hES cells, we compared the expression of genes indicative of distinct embryonic lineages in the embryoid bodies produced from two early passage, karyotypically normal hES cell lines, and two late passage, karyotypically abnormal hES cell lines. One of the abnormal lines was a subline of one of the normal early passage lines. The embryoid bodies from each of the lines showed evidence of extensive differentiation. However, there were differences in the expression of several genes, indicating that the culture adapted hES cells show altered patterns of differentiation compared to karyotypically normal hES cells. The loss of induction of alphafetoprotein in the culture-adapted cells was especially marked, suggesting that they had a reduced capacity to produce extra-embryonic endoderm. These changes may contribute to the growth advantages of genetically variant cells, not only by reflecting an increased tendency to self renewal rather than to differentiate, but also by reducing spontaneous differentiation to derivatives that themselves may produce factors that could induce further differentiation of undifferentiated stem cells.

Keywords

, human embryonic stem cell,
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@article{paperid:1022374,
author = {ALIREZA FAZELI and CHEE-GEE LIEW and Moghaddam Matin, Maryam and SARAH ELLIOTT and LAURENT F.C. JEANMEURE and PHILLIP C. WRIGHT and HARRY MOORE and PETER W. ANDREWS},
title = {Altered patterns of differentiation in karyotypically abnormal human embryonic stem cells},
journal = {International Journal of Developmental Biology},
year = {2011},
volume = {55},
number = {2},
month = {June},
issn = {0214-6282},
pages = {175--180},
numpages = {5},
keywords = {human embryonic stem cell; differentiation},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Altered patterns of differentiation in karyotypically abnormal human embryonic stem cells
%A ALIREZA FAZELI
%A CHEE-GEE LIEW
%A Moghaddam Matin, Maryam
%A SARAH ELLIOTT
%A LAURENT F.C. JEANMEURE
%A PHILLIP C. WRIGHT
%A HARRY MOORE
%A PETER W. ANDREWS
%J International Journal of Developmental Biology
%@ 0214-6282
%D 2011

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