Analytical Methods, ( ISI ), Volume (3), No (1), Year (2011-7) , Pages (1877-1886)

Title : ( Determination of volatile organic compounds in environmental water samples using three solid-phase microextraction fibers based on sol–gel technique with gas chromatography–flame ionization detector )

Authors: Ali Sarafraz Yazdi , mehdi mosadegh , Amir Hassan Amiri ,

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Sol–gel technology was applied for the preparation of three solid-phase microextraction (SPME) fibers for the extraction of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from environmental water samples using the gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC–FID). The compounds studied were methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), tetrahydrofuran (THF), benzene, n-heptane, methyl isobuthyl ketone (MIBK), toluene, tetrachloroethylene, ethylbenzene and o-xylene. These fibers were prepared from different coating polymers including poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS), poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and PEG reinforced with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Important parameters influencing the extraction efficiency such as extraction temperature, extraction time, stirring speed, salt effect and desorption temperature were investigated and optimized for each fiber. Under the optimal conditions, the dynamic linear range with PDMS, PEG and PEG/CNTs fibers were 0.05–2000, 0.004–2000 and 0.002–2000 ng mL1 and the detection limits (S/N ¼ 3) were 0.02–10, 0.002–1 and 0.001–0.5 ng mL1, respectively. The relative standard deviations (RSD) for one fiber (Repeatability) (n ¼ 3) were obtained from 3.23 up to 7.57% and between fibers or batch to batch (n ¼ 3) (Reproducibility) in the range of 2.91–8.91% for three fibers. However, PEG/CNTs fiber was the best one and the efficiency of PEG/ CNTs was approximately 3 times and twice more than PDMS and PEG at the same conditions for most analytes respectively. Introduction Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic liquids with high vapor pressure and high volatilities under environmental conditions and exist in virtually all homes and workplaces. Some VOCs are hazardous and are known to cause long-term health and environmental problems, making their detection a necessity. 1–3 The main reason for assessing VOCs in aquatic environments is for causing birth defects,4 neurotoxicity, toxicity, and carcinogenic effects even at very low concentrations.5,6 They have been commonly found in the soil, groundwater, and the atmosphere, therefore humans are easily exposed to these chemicals through the

Keywords

, GC, VOC,
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@article{paperid:1022947,
author = {Sarafraz Yazdi, Ali and Mosadegh, Mehdi and Amiri, Amir Hassan},
title = {Determination of volatile organic compounds in environmental water samples using three solid-phase microextraction fibers based on sol–gel technique with gas chromatography–flame ionization detector},
journal = {Analytical Methods},
year = {2011},
volume = {3},
number = {1},
month = {July},
issn = {1759-9660},
pages = {1877--1886},
numpages = {9},
keywords = {GC; VOC; CNTs;},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Determination of volatile organic compounds in environmental water samples using three solid-phase microextraction fibers based on sol–gel technique with gas chromatography–flame ionization detector
%A Sarafraz Yazdi, Ali
%A Mosadegh, Mehdi
%A Amiri, Amir Hassan
%J Analytical Methods
%@ 1759-9660
%D 2011

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