Journal of Power Sources, ( ISI ), No (127), Year (2006-2) , Pages (705-709)

Title : The effect of different additives in electrolyte of AGM batteries on self-discharge ( The effects of different additives in electrolyte of AGM batteries on self-discharge )

Authors: Masoud Safari yazd , - - , Mohammad Hadi Moayed ,

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Hydrogen and oxygen evolution at the negative and positive electrodes in AGM batteries are the main reasons of self-discharging. The selfdischarge of five AGM batteries was investigated by measuring different potential between two electrodes during 48 days. Five different battery electrolytes were used including 35% (w/w) H2SO4 without additives and the remaining contain 7.1, 9.94, and 21.3 g l−1 sodium sulfate, 4 g l−1 boric acid, 3 g l−1 citric acid, and finally 0.7 and 1 g l−1 stearic acid except one containing boric acid that the concentration ofH2SO4 was 36% (w/w). The results revealed that the rate of self-discharge for battery without additive was 0.01Vday−1. The battery with boric acid showed the lowest rate of self-discharge with 0.0025Vday−1. It was also found that stearic and citric acids are comparatively appropriate additives for decreasing the selfdischarge. They caused a decrease of the self-discharge rate to 0.005 and 0.0075Vday−1 on appropriate concentration, respectively. In compared to other additives, sodium sulfate showed to be not an appropriate additive for decreasing battery self-discharging. The rate of 0.03Vday−1 of self-discharging was obtained for the battery containing all selected concentration of sodium sulfate during first 4 days of measuring. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords

, Battery self, discharge; Open, circuit voltage;
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@article{paperid:102350,
author = {Safari Yazd, Masoud and -, - and Moayed, Mohammad Hadi},
title = {The effect of different additives in electrolyte of AGM batteries on self-discharge},
journal = {Journal of Power Sources},
year = {2006},
number = {127},
month = {February},
issn = {0378-7753},
pages = {705--709},
numpages = {4},
keywords = {Battery self-discharge; Open-circuit voltage; Additives},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T The effect of different additives in electrolyte of AGM batteries on self-discharge
%A Safari Yazd, Masoud
%A -, -
%A Moayed, Mohammad Hadi
%J Journal of Power Sources
%@ 0378-7753
%D 2006

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