Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, ( ISI ), Volume (19), No (3), Year (2012-1) , Pages (560-569)

Title : ( A novel approach for the synthesis of superparamagnetic Mn3O4 nanocrystals by ultrasonic bath )

Authors: Tahereh Rohani Bastami , Mohammad Hassan Entezari ,

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In this study, the synthesis of Mn3O4 (husmannite) nanoparticles was carried out in two different alkali media under sonication by ultrasonic bath and conventional method. Manganese acetate was used as precursor, sodium hydroxide and hexamethylenetetramine (HMT) as basic reagents in this synthesis. An ultrasonic bath with low intensity was used for the preparation of nanomaterials. The as prepared samples were characterized with X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM, TEM), energy-dispersive spectrum (EDS), and superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) analysis. The XRD patterns exhibit the nanocrystals are in pure tetragonal phase. The chemical composition was obtained by EDS analysis and confirmed the presence of Mn and O in the sample. According to the TEM and HRTEM results, both nanorods and nanoparticles of Mn3O4 were obtained in the presence of ultrasonic irradiation. The average size of nanoparticles was 10 nm, and the size of nanorods was 12 nm in diameter and 100–900 nm in length for the samples prepared in basic medium with sodium hydroxide. In the conventional method with the same basic medium, the nanorod was not observed and the nearly cubic nanoparticles was appeared with an average size of 2.5 nm. The selected area electron diffraction (SAED) patterns revealed that the nanocrystals are polycrystalline in nature. When HMT was used as a basic reagent in the presence of ultrasonic irradiation, it was led to a higher size of nanoparticles and nanorods than when sodium hydroxide was used as a basic reagent. The average size of nanoparticles was about 15 nm and its shape was nearly cubic. The diameter for nanorods was 50 nm and the length was about a few micrometers. The magnetic measurements were carried out on the sample prepared in sodium hydroxide under ultrasonic irradiation. These measurements as a function of temperature and field strength showed a reduction in ferrimagnetic temperature (Tc = 40 K) as compared to those reported for the bulk (Tc = 43 K). The superparamagnetic behavior was observed at room temperature with no saturation magnetization and hysteresis in the region of measured field strength.

Keywords

Husmannite Nanorod Superparamagnetic Ferrimagnetic Ultrasonic irradiation Basic
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@article{paperid:1025130,
author = {Rohani Bastami, Tahereh and Entezari, Mohammad Hassan},
title = {A novel approach for the synthesis of superparamagnetic Mn3O4 nanocrystals by ultrasonic bath},
journal = {Ultrasonics Sonochemistry},
year = {2012},
volume = {19},
number = {3},
month = {January},
issn = {1350-4177},
pages = {560--569},
numpages = {9},
keywords = {Husmannite Nanorod Superparamagnetic Ferrimagnetic Ultrasonic irradiation Basic media},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T A novel approach for the synthesis of superparamagnetic Mn3O4 nanocrystals by ultrasonic bath
%A Rohani Bastami, Tahereh
%A Entezari, Mohammad Hassan
%J Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
%@ 1350-4177
%D 2012

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