Canadian Journal of Plant Science, ( ISI ), Volume (92), No (1), Year (2012-1) , Pages (155-161)

Title : ( An evaluation of freezing tolerance of winter chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) using controlled freeze tests )

Authors: Ahmad Nezami , Bandara , Gusta ,

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Chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.) are subjected to freezing injury and/ or winter kill. Field testing for freezing tolerance evaluation is slow, unreliable and highly variable; thus an artificial freeze tests that correlate with field survival is required. Our objective was to develop a reliable and simple artificial freeze test to evaluate the freezing tolerance of winter chickpea. Four cultivars with varying levels of freezing tolerance were grown and cold acclimated under low irradiance (150 µmol m-2 s-1) and high irradiance (400 µmol m-2 s-1). Acclimated whole plants or excised leaflets were subjected to six tests to determine the LT50 temperature (lowest temperature to kill 50% of the plants). In two tests, following the freezing test, whole plants were held at 20oC/15oC (day/night) for 3 wk for re-growth analysis. LT50 was estimated from both axillary buds and foliage re-growth and from foliage re-growth. The LT50 was also assessed on excised plantlets from whole plants frozen to a series of test temperatures. The LT50 was also determined by re-growth of plantlets held for 1 wk at 20oC in test tubes or by electrolyte leakage following thawing at 20oC. Excised plantlets were frozen to the same temperatures used for the whole plants. LT50 was determined by re-growth in test tubes for 1 wk or by electrolyte leakage. Results from excised plant parts from frozen intact plants or plantlets excised prior to the freeze test were similar to those estimates derived from re-growth analysis of plants frozen whole. Freeze test employing excised plantlets offers high precision and the ability to screen large populations. Plants grown and cold acclimated under an irradiance of 150 µmol m-2 s-1 were not as freezing tolerant as those grown and cold acclimated under an irradiance of 400 µmol m-2 s-1.

Keywords

, Freeze tests, freezing tolerance, winter
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@article{paperid:1025820,
author = {Nezami, Ahmad and Bandara and Gusta},
title = {An evaluation of freezing tolerance of winter chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) using controlled freeze tests},
journal = {Canadian Journal of Plant Science},
year = {2012},
volume = {92},
number = {1},
month = {January},
issn = {0008-4220},
pages = {155--161},
numpages = {6},
keywords = {Freeze tests; freezing tolerance; winter chickpeas},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T An evaluation of freezing tolerance of winter chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) using controlled freeze tests
%A Nezami, Ahmad
%A Bandara
%A Gusta
%J Canadian Journal of Plant Science
%@ 0008-4220
%D 2012

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