Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, ( ISI ), Volume (15), No (4), Year (2012-5) , Pages (951-957)

Title : ( Effects of infantile repeated hyperglycemia on neuronal density of hippocampus and Pentylentetrazol induced convulsions in male Wistar rats )

Authors: Malihe Moghadami , Ali Moghimi , Razieh Jalal , Morteza Behnam Rassouli , Nasser Mahdavi SHahri ,

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Abstract Objective(s) High blood glucose introduces molecular, cellular, morphological and behavioral changes in the brain. Metabolic disturbances, contribute to the hippocampus injury and development of partial focal seizures. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of infantile repeated hyperglycemia on neuronal density of hippocampal CA3 region in newborn Wistar male rats and its effect on chemoconvulsant Pentylentetrazol (PTZ) induced generalized seizures in adults. Materials and Methods Ten days old male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 2 groups (n=20 for each): hyperglycemia and control. Hyperglycemia was induced by intraperitoneal injections of 2 g/kg Dextrose solution, 2 times/day, for 2 weeks. Control animals received saline solution in the same manner. Blood glucose regularly measured. After that, the brains of rats from each group (n=10) were removed for histological analysis of the CA3 region of hippocampus by stereological method. Other animals (n=10) were kept to reach to adult. Afterwards, seizure was induced in hyperglycemic and control adult rats, by an intraperitoneal injection of 45 mg/kg PTZ solution and then latency of convulsions onset and severity of seizures for each group were recorded. Results Results showed that hippocampal neuronal density reduced significantly and susceptibility to PTZ induced convulsions increased in experimental animals. Conclusion The result of present study determined that repeated increments in daily blood sugar levels in infantile period may damage neuronal structures of hippocampus and also make more susceptible to PTZ induced convulsions in adulthood period.

Keywords

, Hyperglycemia, Hippocampus, Neuronal density, Convulsion, PTZ, Stereological
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@article{paperid:1026257,
author = {Moghadami, Malihe and Moghimi, Ali and Jalal, Razieh and Behnam Rassouli, Morteza and Mahdavi SHahri, Nasser},
title = {Effects of infantile repeated hyperglycemia on neuronal density of hippocampus and Pentylentetrazol induced convulsions in male Wistar rats},
journal = {Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences},
year = {2012},
volume = {15},
number = {4},
month = {May},
issn = {2008-3866},
pages = {951--957},
numpages = {6},
keywords = {Hyperglycemia; Hippocampus; Neuronal density; Convulsion; PTZ; Stereological method},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Effects of infantile repeated hyperglycemia on neuronal density of hippocampus and Pentylentetrazol induced convulsions in male Wistar rats
%A Moghadami, Malihe
%A Moghimi, Ali
%A Jalal, Razieh
%A Behnam Rassouli, Morteza
%A Mahdavi SHahri, Nasser
%J Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
%@ 2008-3866
%D 2012

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