Journal of Food Process Engineering, ( ISI ), Volume (34), No (5), Year (2011-10) , Pages (1435-1448)

Title : ( Effect of polyols on shelf-life and quality of flat bread fortified with soy flour )

Authors: Amir Pourfarzad , Mohammad Hossein Haddad khodaparast , M. Karimi , Sayed Ali Mortazavi , M. G. Davoodi , Abdollah Hematian Sourki , Seyedhossein Razavizadegan Jahromi ,

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Abstract

The influence of glycerol, sorbitol, maltitol and propylene glycol on shelf life and quality of Barbari, Iranian flat bread, fortified with soy flour, was examined. Effects of different levels of polyols (0, 1 and 5 g/100 g) were analyzed during 2 weeks of storage at room temperature. Specific volume and width/height ratio of fresh breads were not affected by polyol addition, while it significantly decreased the moisture content of the bread. Propylene glycol significantly decreased water activity to 0.871 (1 g/100 g propylene glycol) and 0.867 (5 g/100 g propylene glycol) in comparison with the control (0.883). Evaluation of crumb hardness and moisture indicated that sorbitol and pro-pylene glycol were able to diminish bread staling. The rise in hardness in polyol-supplemented bread samples was not significantly more than the control between the first and second days of storage. Increase in hardness of bread samples was observed lower than the control after the second day in both levels of the sorbitol and 5 g/100 g propylene glycol. Acceptability of the breads, as indicated by panelists, was found to be higher than control bread for 5 g/100 g propylene glycol with 3.8 and 4.8 values, respectively. Results showed that propylene glycol can present the greatest effect on quality and shelf life of Barbari flat bread fortified with soy flour.

Keywords

, Flat bread plays a significant role in the diet of large portion of the Middle East population, but it is a highly delicate product. The three most common forms of bread deterioration are staling, moisture loss and microbial spoilage. One of the most frequent ways to prevent or control these problem
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@article{paperid:1026789,
author = {Pourfarzad, Amir and Haddad Khodaparast, Mohammad Hossein and M. Karimi and Mortazavi, Sayed Ali and M. G. Davoodi and Hematian Sourki, Abdollah and Razavizadegan Jahromi, Seyedhossein},
title = {Effect of polyols on shelf-life and quality of flat bread fortified with soy flour},
journal = {Journal of Food Process Engineering},
year = {2011},
volume = {34},
number = {5},
month = {October},
issn = {0145-8876},
pages = {1435--1448},
numpages = {13},
keywords = {Flat bread plays a significant role in the diet of large portion of the Middle East population; but it is a highly delicate product. The three most common forms of bread deterioration are staling; moisture loss and microbial spoilage. One of the most frequent ways to prevent or control these problems is the use of additives such as polyols. Polyols may be a good choice to diminish the hardening phenomena; moisture loss and water activity; and increase the shelf life and sensory acceptability of bakery products. On the other hand; incorporation of soybean flour into food products; especially in developing countries; can provide good nutritional quality besides prolonging the shelf life of bread. The changes due to polyol addition need to be characterized if a viable commercial product should be achieved.},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Effect of polyols on shelf-life and quality of flat bread fortified with soy flour
%A Pourfarzad, Amir
%A Haddad Khodaparast, Mohammad Hossein
%A M. Karimi
%A Mortazavi, Sayed Ali
%A M. G. Davoodi
%A Hematian Sourki, Abdollah
%A Razavizadegan Jahromi, Seyedhossein
%J Journal of Food Process Engineering
%@ 0145-8876
%D 2011

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