Chemical Engineering Journal, ( ISI ), Volume (222), No (1), Year (2013-4) , Pages (527-533)

Title : ( Chromium(VI) removal by maghemite nanoparticles )

Authors: Wenjun Jiang , Miguel Pelaez , Dionysios D. Dionysiou , Mohammad Hassan Entezari , Dimitra Tsoutsou , Kevin O’Shea ,

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Maghemite nanoparticles were prepared by a co-precipitation method and characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, nitrogen adsorption and desorption isotherms. The Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface area, average particle size, pore volume and porosity of maghemite were 73.8 m2 g1, 17.2 ± 4.4 nm, 0.246 cm3 g1, and 56.3%, respectively. Removal of Cr(VI) by the maghemite nanoparticles follows a pseudo-second-order kinetic process. Intraparticle diffusion kinetics implies the adsorption of Cr(VI) onto the maghemite occurs via two distinct phases: the diffusion controlled by external surface followed by an intra-particle diffusion. The equilibrium data was nicely fit to the Langmuir and Langmuir–Freundlich (L–F) models and indicates the adsorption of Cr(VI) is spontaneous and highly favorable. The heterogeneity index, 0.55, implies heterogeneous monolayer adsorption. The adsorption Cr(VI) is favorable under acidic and neutral conditions with maximum removal observed at pH 4. The adsorption of Cr(VI) is modestly inhibited by the presence of P5 ppm humic acid. In summary, the adsorption of Cr(VI) by maghemite nanoparticles is rapid, can be accurately modeled, and is effective under a variety of conditions. Our results indicate these magnetic materials have promising potential to cleanup Cr(VI) contaminated waters to acceptable drinking water standards.

Keywords

Maghemite nanoparticles Chromate Adsorption isotherm Kinetic study pH effect Humic
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@article{paperid:1033592,
author = {Wenjun Jiang and Miguel Pelaez and Dionysios D. Dionysiou and Entezari, Mohammad Hassan and Dimitra Tsoutsou and Kevin O’Shea},
title = {Chromium(VI) removal by maghemite nanoparticles},
journal = {Chemical Engineering Journal},
year = {2013},
volume = {222},
number = {1},
month = {April},
issn = {1385-8947},
pages = {527--533},
numpages = {6},
keywords = {Maghemite nanoparticles Chromate Adsorption isotherm Kinetic study pH effect Humic acid},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Chromium(VI) removal by maghemite nanoparticles
%A Wenjun Jiang
%A Miguel Pelaez
%A Dionysios D. Dionysiou
%A Entezari, Mohammad Hassan
%A Dimitra Tsoutsou
%A Kevin O’Shea
%J Chemical Engineering Journal
%@ 1385-8947
%D 2013

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