Theoretical and Applied Climatology, ( ISI ), Volume (113), No (1), Year (2013-6) , Pages (17-25)

Title : ( Agrometeorological study of crop drought vulnerability and avoidance in northeast of Iran )

Authors: Azam Lashkari Tokhmmarz , Mohammad Bannayan Aval ,

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

Drought is one of the crucial environmental factors affecting crop production. Synchronizing crop phenology with expected or predicted seasonal soil moisture supply is an effective approach to avoid drought impact. To assess the potential for drought avoidance, this study investigated the long-term climate data of four locations (Bojnourd, Mashhad, Sabzevar, and Torbat Heydarieh) in Khorasan province, in the northeast of Iran, with respect to the four dominant crops (common bean, lentil, peanut, and potato). Weekly water deficit defined as the difference between weekly precipitation and weekly potential evapotranspiration was calculated. Whenever the weekly water deficit was larger than the critical water demand of a crop, the probability for drought was determined. Results showed that Sabzevar has the highest average maximum temperature (24.6 °C), minimum temperature (11.7 °C), weekly evapotranspiration (32.1 mm), and weekly water deficit (28.3 mm) and has the lowest average weekly precipitation (3.8 mm). However, the lowest mean maximum temperature (19.7 °C), minimum temperature (6.9 °C), weekly evapotranspiration (22.5 mm), and weekly water deficit (17.5 mm) occur in Bojnourd. This location shows the shortest period of water deficit during the growing season for all crops except potato, which also experienced drought at the end of the growing season. Sabzevar and Torbat Heydarieh experienced the highest probability of occurrence and longest duration of drought during the growing season for all crops. The result of this study will be helpful for farmers in order to reduce drought impact and enable them to match crop phenology with periods during the growing season when water supply is more abundant.

Keywords

, Drougth, Avoidance, Climate,
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@article{paperid:1035052,
author = {Lashkari Tokhmmarz, Azam and Bannayan Aval, Mohammad},
title = {Agrometeorological study of crop drought vulnerability and avoidance in northeast of Iran},
journal = {Theoretical and Applied Climatology},
year = {2013},
volume = {113},
number = {1},
month = {June},
issn = {0177-798X},
pages = {17--25},
numpages = {8},
keywords = {Drougth; Avoidance; Climate; Agrometeorology},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Agrometeorological study of crop drought vulnerability and avoidance in northeast of Iran
%A Lashkari Tokhmmarz, Azam
%A Bannayan Aval, Mohammad
%J Theoretical and Applied Climatology
%@ 0177-798X
%D 2013

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