International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, ( ISI ), Volume (39), No (1), Year (2014-1) , Pages (1719-1731)

Title : ( Hydrogen storage on silicon, carbon, and silicon carbide nanotubes: A combined quantum mechanics and grand canonical Monte Carlo simulation study )

Authors: Sayyed Jalil Mahdizadeh , Elaheh Kafshdare Goharshadi ,

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Grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulation combined with ab initio quantum mechanics calculations were employed to study hydrogen storage in homogeneous armchair open-ended single walled silicon nanotubes (SWSiNTs), single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), and single walled silicon carbide nanotubes (SWSiCNTs) in triangular arrays. Two different groups of nanotubes were studied: the first were (12,12) SiNTs, (19,19) CNTs, and (15,15) SiCNTs and the second were (7,7) SiNTs, (11,11) CNTs, and (9,9) SiCNTs with the diameters of w26 and w15 A for the first and second groups, respectively. The simulations were carried out for different thermodynamic states. The potential energy functions (PEFs) were calculated using ab initio quantum mechanics and then fitted with (12,6) Lennard- Jones (LJ) potential model as a bridge between first principles calculations and GCMC simulations. The absolute, excess, and delivery adsorption isotherms of hydrogen were calculated for two groups of nanotubes. The isosteric heat of adsorption and the radial distribution functions (RDFs) for the adsorbed molecules on different nanotubes were also computed. Different isotherms were fitted with the simulation adsorption data and the model parameters were correlated. According to the results, the hydrogen uptake values in (19,19) CNT array exceeded the US DOE (Department of Energy) target of 6.0 wt% (FY 2010) at 77 K and 1.0 and 2.0 MPa for absolute and excess uptakes, respectively. The results also show that SiNTs and SiCNTs are not more useful materials compared with corresponding CNTs for hydrogen storage.

Keywords

Hydrogen storage; GCMC simulation; Ab initio; SiNT; CNT;
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@article{paperid:1038333,
author = {Mahdizadeh, Sayyed Jalil and Kafshdare Goharshadi, Elaheh},
title = {Hydrogen storage on silicon, carbon, and silicon carbide nanotubes: A combined quantum mechanics and grand canonical Monte Carlo simulation study},
journal = {International Journal of Hydrogen Energy},
year = {2014},
volume = {39},
number = {1},
month = {January},
issn = {0360-3199},
pages = {1719--1731},
numpages = {12},
keywords = {Hydrogen storage; GCMC simulation; Ab initio; SiNT; CNT; SiCNT},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Hydrogen storage on silicon, carbon, and silicon carbide nanotubes: A combined quantum mechanics and grand canonical Monte Carlo simulation study
%A Mahdizadeh, Sayyed Jalil
%A Kafshdare Goharshadi, Elaheh
%J International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
%@ 0360-3199
%D 2014

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