Alcheringa, ( ISI ), Volume (38), No (1), Year (2011-11) , Pages (571-592)

Title : ( Miocene scleractinian corals from a mixed siliciclastic–carbonate system: Bakhtiari succession, Zagros Basin (central-western Iran) )

Authors: Amir Hossein Rahiminejad Ranjbar , Mehdi Yazdi , Ali reza Ashouri ,

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Colonial scleractinian corals were sampled from three levels within a Miocene marine unit of the Bakhtiari succession, Zagros Basin, central-western Iran. The first two coral-bearing intervals, A and B, contain small-scale scattered colonies and show a poor coral diversity, whereas the third, consisting of a strongly lithified limestone package, reflects a well-developed biostromal framework with higher coral skeletal volume within the Bakhtiari succession. The Bakhtiari succession coral assemblages are characterized by Porites sp. cf. P. maigensis, Porites sp. cf. P. mancietensis, Porites sp. cf. P. collegniana, Tarbellastraea reussiana, Favia sp., Montastrea sp. cf. P. tchihatcheffi, Favites sp. cf. P. neugeboreni, Favites sp. cf. P. neuvillei, Agathiphyllia sp. and Acropora sp. Sedimentological and palaeontological data indicate that the depositional environment is consistent with a mixed carbonate–siliciclastic ramp that was gently deepening basinwards from the shoreline. The hemispherical and massive growth forms of colonies and sparse branching forms dominated the well-illuminated euphotic zone. Abundant domestone and dense pillarstone coral growth fabrics interdigitating with coarse-grained terrigenous sediments developed in the shallow inner ramp environment. Branching forms and meandroid branching colonies together with some massive forms mostly inhabited the low-energy conditions of the lower euphotic to oligophotic zones of the middle ramp. In the middle parts of the mixed carbonate–siliciclastic ramp, sparse pillarstone together with domestone comprises a mixstone coral growth fabric. Fluctuations in nutrient and clastic sediment input, salinity and the growth of red algae likely terminated coral growth.

Keywords

, Iran, Zagros Basin, Bakhtiari succession, Shalamzar, Scleractinian corals, Miocene, siliciclastic–carbonate system, coral growth
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@article{paperid:1039066,
author = {Rahiminejad Ranjbar, Amir Hossein and Mehdi Yazdi and Ashouri, Ali Reza},
title = {Miocene scleractinian corals from a mixed siliciclastic–carbonate system: Bakhtiari succession, Zagros Basin (central-western Iran)},
journal = {Alcheringa},
year = {2011},
volume = {38},
number = {1},
month = {November},
issn = {0311-5518},
pages = {571--592},
numpages = {21},
keywords = {Iran; Zagros Basin; Bakhtiari succession; Shalamzar; Scleractinian corals; Miocene; siliciclastic–carbonate system; coral growth fabric.},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Miocene scleractinian corals from a mixed siliciclastic–carbonate system: Bakhtiari succession, Zagros Basin (central-western Iran)
%A Rahiminejad Ranjbar, Amir Hossein
%A Mehdi Yazdi
%A Ashouri, Ali Reza
%J Alcheringa
%@ 0311-5518
%D 2011

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