Historical Biology, ( ISI ), Volume (23), No (2), Year (2011-9) , Pages (155-167)

Title : ( Reconstruction of the last marine connectivity of the Zagros basin, based on fossil evidences of the clastic-dominated Bakhtiari Formation )

Authors: Amir Hossein Rahiminejad Ranjbar , Mehdi Yazdi , Ali reza Ashouri ,

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In this study, new paleontology and lithology foundations on the Bakhtiari Formation were obtained from Shalamzar area in Zagros basin.Adepositional mollasic cycle was divided into Bk1, Bk2 and Bk3 units from the base to the top of the Formation. Bk2, with limestone- and mudstone-dominated deposits, was found to alternate with conglomerates and form a marine succession between the two limestone clast-supported conglomeratic continental units. A diverse fossil association has been described for the first time and consists of foraminifera (Oolina spp., Oolina hexagona, Textularia spp., Spiroloculina spp., Peneroplis spp., Elphidium spp., Planulina sp., Amphistegina spp., Lagena spp. Globigerina spp., Globigerinoides spp., Uvigerina spp., Triloculina spp., Quinqueloculina spp., Spiroloculina spp. Nodosariid., Orbitina spp., Borelis melo, Bolivina spp. and Miogypsina spp.), a gastropod community of Strombus spp., Potamides spp., Turitella spp., Cyprea cf. persica and Pleurotomaria sp. and a higher energy colony of scleractinian corals comprisingPorites branching,Porites-encrusting massive Favites spp., Favia spp., Tarbellastrea spp. and Acropora spp. The early–middle Miocene marine level of the Bakhtiari Formation, confirms a nearshore accommodation through a middle shelf and an open coastal lagoon (inner shelf) within a fluvial-dominated delta or open estuary during the last presence of a marine trough in the Zagros basin. This saline to hypersaline shallow marine regime was probably dominated in tropical to subtropical conditions. Palaeobiogeography analysis reflects a last seaway faunal exchange between the area and early–middle Miocene basins of Pakistan, India, Australia, Turkey, Greece, Romania Algeria, Egypt, Italy, France, Portugal and Austrian/Hungarian border, which reconstructs a shallow junction between Zagros basin and Mediterranean Tethys and Indo-pacific Ocean during Burdigalian–Langhian (Badenian) before the terminal Tethyan event in late middle Miocene and Tortonian.

Keywords

, Reconstruction of the last marine connectivity of the Zagros basin, based on fossil evidences of the clastic-dominated Bakhtiari
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@article{paperid:1039070,
author = {Rahiminejad Ranjbar, Amir Hossein and Mehdi Yazdi and Ashouri, Ali Reza},
title = {Reconstruction of the last marine connectivity of the Zagros basin, based on fossil evidences of the clastic-dominated Bakhtiari Formation},
journal = {Historical Biology},
year = {2011},
volume = {23},
number = {2},
month = {September},
issn = {0891-2963},
pages = {155--167},
numpages = {12},
keywords = {Reconstruction of the last marine connectivity of the Zagros basin; based on fossil evidences of the clastic-dominated Bakhtiari Formation},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Reconstruction of the last marine connectivity of the Zagros basin, based on fossil evidences of the clastic-dominated Bakhtiari Formation
%A Rahiminejad Ranjbar, Amir Hossein
%A Mehdi Yazdi
%A Ashouri, Ali Reza
%J Historical Biology
%@ 0891-2963
%D 2011

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