Journal of Stress Physiology and Biochemistry, Volume (10), No (1), Year (2014-1) , Pages (301-315)

Title : ( Evaluation of Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Biochemical Traits of Lettuce under Drought Stress and Super Absorbent or Bentonite Application )

Authors: akram valizadeh , Seyyed Hossein Neamati , Ali Tehranifar , Hojat Emami ,

Access to full-text not allowed by authors

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

The effects of two superabsorbents (natural-bentonite) and (synthetic-A 200) on the chlorophyll fluorescence index, proline accumulation, phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity and total carbohydrate in lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) was evaluated. For this purpose, a factorial experiment using completely randomized design with superabsorbents at 3 levels (0, 0.15, 0.30 w/w%), drought stress at 2 levels (60 and 100% of field capacity) and 4 replicates was conducted. Results showed that photosystem photochemical efficiency (Fv/Fm) II under drought stress (60% FC) as well as lower levels of bentonite superabsorbent polymer reduced. The minimum and maximum proline content were btained in 0.3% bentonite, 100% FC and 0 benetonite, 60% FC, respectively. The lowest and highest phenolic compounds was corresponded to the highest levels in both super absorbents and control respectively, so that the super absorbent and bentonite, reduced phenolic compounds by 62.65 and 66.21% compared to control. 0 and 0.15 wt % bentonite in high drought stress (60% FC) showed the highest and 0.3 wt % bentonite and 100% FC attained the lowest level of antioxidant activity. Control bentonite treatment beds at 60% FC and beds containing 0.3 wt. % bentonite in 100% FC, showed the lowest and the highest total carbohydrate content respectively. Results of this study indicate that bentonite can reduce the negative effects of drought stress similar to artificial super absorbent.

Keywords

, water deficit stress, synthetic superabsorbent, natural superabsorbent, Chlorophyll fluorescence
برای دانلود از شناسه و رمز عبور پرتال پویا استفاده کنید.

@article{paperid:1039869,
author = {Valizadeh, Akram and Neamati, Seyyed Hossein and Tehranifar, Ali and Emami, Hojat},
title = {Evaluation of Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Biochemical Traits of Lettuce under Drought Stress and Super Absorbent or Bentonite Application},
journal = {Journal of Stress Physiology and Biochemistry},
year = {2014},
volume = {10},
number = {1},
month = {January},
issn = {1997-0838},
pages = {301--315},
numpages = {14},
keywords = {water deficit stress; synthetic superabsorbent; natural superabsorbent; Chlorophyll fluorescence indicators},
}

[Download]

%0 Journal Article
%T Evaluation of Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Biochemical Traits of Lettuce under Drought Stress and Super Absorbent or Bentonite Application
%A Valizadeh, Akram
%A Neamati, Seyyed Hossein
%A Tehranifar, Ali
%A Emami, Hojat
%J Journal of Stress Physiology and Biochemistry
%@ 1997-0838
%D 2014

[Download]