Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, ( ISI ), Volume (2014), No (17), Year (2014-2) , Pages (207-211)

Title : ( Responses of Episyrphus balteatus DeGeer (Diptera: Syrphidae) in relation to prey density and predator size )

Authors: ALIREZA AMIRIJAMI , Hussein Sadeghi Namaghi ,

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Abstract

Laboratory experiments were conducted to determine the functional and numerical responses of the aphidophagous hover fly Episyrphus balteatus DeGeer (Diptera: Syrphidae) to different densities of 4th instar black bean aphids, Aphis fabae Scopoli (Homoptera: Aphididae), on broad bean, Vicia faba L. (Fabaceae). Two different-sized larvae of predators were tested in different densities of similar-sized prey to determine whether functional response parameters depended on the body sizes of predator and prey. In numerical response experiments, gravid E. balteatus femaleswere exposed individually to different densities of 4th instars of A. fabae on cut sections of the broad bean plant, V. faba L. Logistic regression suggested a type II functional response for both larval sizes of E. balteatus. The searching efficiency (a) of the larger larvae was higher than that of the smaller ones. Prey consumption was higher, and handling time (Th) was lower for larger larvae than smaller ones. The theoretical maximum number of A. fabae nymphs eaten by the different-sized larvae was 125 and 269 nymphs per day. Larger E. balteatus larvae aremore efficient predators for aphidmanagement strategies. The reproductive numerical response, in terms of the number of eggs laid, increased curvilinearlywith increasing prey density, but the proportion of eggs laid (egg number/prey density) decreased as the initial density of prey increased.

Keywords

, Functional response, Numerical response, Hover flies, Aphidophagous, Aphids, Population dynamics, Functional response, Numerical responseHover flies, Aphidophagous
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@article{paperid:1039959,
author = {AMIRIJAMI, ALIREZA and Sadeghi Namaghi, Hussein},
title = {Responses of Episyrphus balteatus DeGeer (Diptera: Syrphidae) in relation to prey density and predator size},
journal = {Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology},
year = {2014},
volume = {2014},
number = {17},
month = {February},
issn = {1226-8615},
pages = {207--211},
numpages = {4},
keywords = {Functional response; Numerical response; Hover flies; Aphidophagous; Aphids; Population dynamics; Functional response; Numerical responseHover flies; Aphidophagous},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Responses of Episyrphus balteatus DeGeer (Diptera: Syrphidae) in relation to prey density and predator size
%A AMIRIJAMI, ALIREZA
%A Sadeghi Namaghi, Hussein
%J Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology
%@ 1226-8615
%D 2014

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