Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, ( ISI ), Volume (17), No (6), Year (2014-10) , Pages (879-883)

Title : ( Hemocytes immunity of rose sawfly, Arge ochropus (Hym.: Argidae) against entomopathogenic nematodes, Steinernema carpocapsae and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora )

Authors: Hadi Sheikhnejad , M. Ghadamyari , S Jamali , V. Ghasemi , Javad Karimi ,

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The rose sawfly, Arge ochropus (Gmelin), is one of the most destructive pests attacking rose bushes in northern Iran. In the present study, the haemocyte reactions of A. ochropus larvae were assessed against two entomopathogenic nematodes, Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser) and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Poinar. With injection of infective juveniles of H. bactriophora into A. ochropus larvae, the total haemocyte count showed alternating fluctuations at all time intervals. Encapsulation occurred 22 hours post injection (hpi) of H. bacteriophora infective juveniles into the rose sawfly larvae, while melanization was observed after 24 hours. In the case of S. carpocapsae, initial attachment of the haemocytes was detected at 18 hpi and complete encapsulation at 24 hpi; no melanization was observed. In general, findings showed strong immune responses of the rose sawfly larvae against H. bacteriophora, while these reactions were weakened for S. carpocapsae. Therefore, it is concluded that S. carpocapsae has more ability to overcome the host defence system, and this research provides a new window on its potential as a biocontrol agent.

Keywords

, Arge ochropus, encapsulation, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, immune response, melanization, Steinernema
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@article{paperid:1043515,
author = {Sheikhnejad, Hadi and M. Ghadamyari and S Jamali and V. Ghasemi and Karimi, Javad},
title = {Hemocytes immunity of rose sawfly, Arge ochropus (Hym.: Argidae) against entomopathogenic nematodes, Steinernema carpocapsae and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora},
journal = {Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology},
year = {2014},
volume = {17},
number = {6},
month = {October},
issn = {1226-8615},
pages = {879--883},
numpages = {4},
keywords = {Arge ochropus; encapsulation; Heterorhabditis bacteriophora; immune response; melanization; Steinernema carpocapsae},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Hemocytes immunity of rose sawfly, Arge ochropus (Hym.: Argidae) against entomopathogenic nematodes, Steinernema carpocapsae and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora
%A Sheikhnejad, Hadi
%A M. Ghadamyari
%A S Jamali
%A V. Ghasemi
%A Karimi, Javad
%J Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology
%@ 1226-8615
%D 2014

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