Polymer Degradation and Stability, Volume (111), Year (2015-1) , Pages (114-123)

Title : ( A novel industrial technique for recycling ethylene-propylene-diene waste rubber )

Authors: Saeed Ostad Movahed , َA.Ansarifar , Sakineh Karbalaei Nezhad , sepideh atharifar ,

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Recycling waste rubber has gained importance in recent years. Ethylene-propylene-diene rubber (EPDM) is used to manufacture various automotive parts. Reclaiming EPDM rubber waste is a major problem. Waste powder from discarded EPDM automotive parts was devulcanized using an industrial autoclave which provided both heating and high pressure steam. To aid the devulcanization process, 2-mercaptobenzothiazoledisulfide (MBTS) and tetramethylthiuram disulfide (TMTD) devulcanizing agents, and aromatic and aliphatic oils were also used. A portion of the virgin EPDM rubber in a common formulation for the automotive rubber strips was replaced with the devulcanized product to produce blends, which were revulcanized using a semi-efficient (SEV) vulcanization system. The viscosity, cure and mechanical properties of the blends were subsequently determined. This study showed that the oils had different effects on the devulcanization of the waste powder and MBTS was more efficient than TMTD. Replacing 60 wt% of the virgin rubber in the automotive rubber strips with the devulcanized powder had no adverse effect on the scorch and optimum cure times, crosslink density, rate of cure, and viscosity. Also, when 20 wt% of the virgin rubber was replaced, the hardness, compression set, and modulus at 20% elongation were unaffected. It was concluded that the reclaimed rubber could be used in low percentage in order not to extremely deteriorate the mechanical properties of the virgin rubber. This provided a new effective recycling route for the waste EPDM powder in the automotive rubber strips.


, EPDM waste powder, Devulcanization, Autoclave, Chemicals, Oils
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author = {Ostad Movahed, Saeed and َA.Ansarifar and Karbalaei Nezhad, Sakineh and Atharifar, Sepideh},
title = {A novel industrial technique for recycling ethylene-propylene-diene waste rubber},
journal = {Polymer Degradation and Stability},
year = {2015},
volume = {111},
month = {January},
issn = {0141-3910},
pages = {114--123},
numpages = {9},
keywords = {EPDM waste powder; Devulcanization; Autoclave; Chemicals; Oils},


%0 Journal Article
%T A novel industrial technique for recycling ethylene-propylene-diene waste rubber
%A Ostad Movahed, Saeed
%A َA.Ansarifar
%A Karbalaei Nezhad, Sakineh
%A Atharifar, Sepideh
%J Polymer Degradation and Stability
%@ 0141-3910
%D 2015