PLOS One, ( ISI ), Volume (2015), No (139276), Year (2015-9) , Pages (1-13)

Title : ( Effects of Dexamethasone and Insulin Alone )

Authors: mehrdad sami , Mehrdad Mohri , Hesam A Seifi ,

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Objectives This study investigated the effects of dexamethasone and insulin, when administered at 3rd or 10th day of lactation on energy and protein metabolism in dairy cows. Materials and Methods Two hundred Holstein cows were enrolled in a randomized controlled clinical trial. The cows were randomly assigned to receive 1 of 4 treatments at 3 or 10 days in milk: control group, 10-mL i.m. injection of sterile water, group insulin, s.c. injection of 100 units of insulin, group dexamethasone, i.m. injection of 20 mg of dexamethasone, group insulin plus dexamethasone, i.m. injection of 20 mg of dexamethasone and 100 units of insulin. The cows randomly assigned to receive the treatments on 3 or 10 days of lactation. Serum samples obtained at the time of enrollment, time of treatment and at 2, 4, 7 and 14 days after intervention. The sera were analyzed for β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA), nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), glucose, cholesterol, albumin, urea, and aspartate amino transferase (AST). Data were analyzed using a repeated measures mixed model that accounted for the effects of parity, body condition score, dystocia, retained placenta, metritis and the random effect of cow. Results There was no significant interaction of group of treatment and time of intervention (day 3 or 10 post-partum) on serum components. Cows that received insulin or dexamethasone alone or in combination, had lower BHBA 2 days after treatment compared with control cows, whereas concentrations of NEFA, were unaffected suggesting that glucocorticoids lipolytic effects do not appear to be important in healthy cows. AST activities significantly reduced in cows that received dexamethasone with or without insulin at 2 and 4 days after treatment. Albumin and urea concentrations 2 days after treatment were higher for cows that received dexamethasone only or dexamethasone plus insulin compared with control and Ins received cows. There were no treatment effects on test-day milk production, milk fat and protein percentages. Conclusions The results suggested that administration of glucocorticoids in early lactation resulted in short-term improvement of metabolism in postpartum dairy cows in biochemical terms.


, Dexamethasone, Insulin, Energy and Protein Metabolism, Milk Production, Dairy Cows
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author = {Sami, Mehrdad and Mohri, Mehrdad and Seifi, Hesam A},
title = {Effects of Dexamethasone and Insulin Alone},
journal = {PLOS One},
year = {2015},
volume = {2015},
number = {139276},
month = {September},
issn = {1932-6203},
pages = {1--13},
numpages = {12},
keywords = {Dexamethasone; Insulin; Energy and Protein Metabolism; Milk Production; Dairy Cows},


%0 Journal Article
%T Effects of Dexamethasone and Insulin Alone
%A Sami, Mehrdad
%A Mohri, Mehrdad
%A Seifi, Hesam A
%@ 1932-6203
%D 2015