Vth Entomopathogens and Microbial Control Congress, 9-11 September, 2015 Ankara, Turkey , 2015-09-08

Title : ( Biocontrol potential of the entomopathogenic nematodes Heterorhabditis bacteriophora and Steinernema carpocapsae on pistachio root beetle larvae, Capnodis cariosa hauseri (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), under laboratory conditions )

Authors: Elham Salari , Javad Karimi , Hussein Sadeghi Namaghi ,

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

The pistachio root beetle, Capnodis cariosa hauseri causes general weakness in the pistachio trees and may even kill the infected trees. This insect was distributed in many pistachio growing regions of Iran and causes heavy damage to pistachio trees, particularly when the infection is accompanied by gummosis. Cryptic behavior of the larvae reduce efficacy of common control methods. Due to hidden habitat of pest and penetration ability of entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) to hidden habitat of some insects, we investigated efficacy of EPN species, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora and Steinernema carpocapsae against last instars larvae of the pest in laboratory. Pathogenicity test in petri dish were performed with five concentrations: 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 infective juveniles (IJs) per larva. The LC50 values indicated that S. carpocapsae (12.6 IJs larva-1) was comparatively more virulent than H. bacteriophora (17.1 IJs larva-1) against C. cariosa larvae after 72 h. Larval mortality was significantly influenced by species and concentration. The highest mortality was recorded at the concentration of 50 IJs larva-1 for S. carpocapsae (97.1%). Both EPNs successfully penetrated and reproduced in the C. cariosa larvae at the concentrations of 5 and 25 IJs larva-1. The highest reproduction was recorded for H. bacteriophora at 5 IJs larva-1 in C. cariosa (562881±7773 IJs) and the highest penetration in C. cariosa was observed for S. carpocapsae at 25 IJs larva-1 (19 IJs). The current study demonstrated susceptibility of C. cariosa to both nematode species as well as their reproduction capability and penetration on the pest larva.

Keywords

, Pistachio root beetle, Entomopathogenic nematode, Biological control, Insect
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@inproceedings{paperid:1050406,
author = {Salari, Elham and Karimi, Javad and Sadeghi Namaghi, Hussein},
title = {Biocontrol potential of the entomopathogenic nematodes Heterorhabditis bacteriophora and Steinernema carpocapsae on pistachio root beetle larvae, Capnodis cariosa hauseri (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), under laboratory conditions},
booktitle = {Vth Entomopathogens and Microbial Control Congress, 9-11 September, 2015 Ankara, Turkey},
year = {2015},
keywords = {Pistachio root beetle; Entomopathogenic nematode; Biological control; Insect pathology},
}

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%0 Conference Proceedings
%T Biocontrol potential of the entomopathogenic nematodes Heterorhabditis bacteriophora and Steinernema carpocapsae on pistachio root beetle larvae, Capnodis cariosa hauseri (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), under laboratory conditions
%A Salari, Elham
%A Karimi, Javad
%A Sadeghi Namaghi, Hussein
%J Vth Entomopathogens and Microbial Control Congress, 9-11 September, 2015 Ankara, Turkey
%D 2015

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