Nuclear Instruments and Methods in physics Research A, ( ISI ), No (806), Year (2016-1) , Pages (101-108)

Title : ( Designing a range modulator wheel to spread-out the Bragg peak for a passive proton therapy facility )

Authors: S. Bijan Jia , F. Romano , Giuseppe A.P. Cirrone , G. Cuttone , Mohammad Hadi Hadizadeh Yazdi , A.A. Mowlavi , L. Raffaele ,

Citation: BibTeX | EndNote

Abstract

In proton beam therapy, a Spread-Out Bragg peak (SOBP) is used to establish a uniform dose distribution in the target volume. In order to create a SOBP, several Bragg peaks of different ranges, corresponding to different entrance energies, with certain intensities (weights) should be combined each other. In a passive beam scattering system, the beam is usually extracted from a cyclotron at a constant energy throughout a treatment. Therefore, a SOBP is produced by a range modulator wheel, which is basically a rotating wheel with steps of variable thicknesses, or by using the ridge filters. In this study, we used the Geant4 toolkit to simulate a typical passive scattering beam line. In particular, the CATANA transport beam line of INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud (LNS) in Catania has been reproduced in this work. Some initial properties of the entrance beam have been checked by benchmarking simulations with experimental data. A class dedicated to the simulation of the wheel modulators has been implemented. It has been designed in order to be easily modified for simulating any desired modulator wheel and, hence, any suitable beam modulation. By using some auxiliary range-shifters, a set of pristine Bragg peaks was obtained from the simulations. A mathematical algorithm was developed, using the simulated pristine dose profiles as its input, to calculate the weight of each pristine peak, reproduce the SOBP, and finally generate a flat dose distribution. Therefore, once the designed modulator has been realized, it has been tested at CATANA facility, comparing the experimental data with the simulation results.

Keywords

, Proton Therapy, Range Modulator Wheel, SOBP, Geant4, Monte Carlo Simulations
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@article{paperid:1052939,
author = {S. Bijan Jia and F. Romano and Giuseppe A.P. Cirrone and G. Cuttone and Hadizadeh Yazdi, Mohammad Hadi and A.A. Mowlavi and L. Raffaele},
title = {Designing a range modulator wheel to spread-out the Bragg peak for a passive proton therapy facility},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in physics Research A},
year = {2016},
number = {806},
month = {January},
issn = {0168-9002},
pages = {101--108},
numpages = {7},
keywords = {Proton Therapy; Range Modulator Wheel; SOBP; Geant4; Monte Carlo Simulations},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Designing a range modulator wheel to spread-out the Bragg peak for a passive proton therapy facility
%A S. Bijan Jia
%A F. Romano
%A Giuseppe A.P. Cirrone
%A G. Cuttone
%A Hadizadeh Yazdi, Mohammad Hadi
%A A.A. Mowlavi
%A L. Raffaele
%J Nuclear Instruments and Methods in physics Research A
%@ 0168-9002
%D 2016

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