Cell Journal, Volume (15), No (2), Year (2013-8) , Pages (166-175)

Title : ( Three-Dimensional Scaffold from Decellularized Human Gingiva for Cell Cultures: Glycoconjugates and Cell Behavior )

Authors: Somayeh Naderi , Jina Khayat Zadeh , Nasser Mahdavi SHahri , Khadijeh Nejad Shahrokh Abady , Mojtaba Cheravi , Javad Baharara , Seyed Ali Banihashem Rad , Ahmad Reza Bahrami ,

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Objective: We studied both the presence of some carbohydrate compounds in a threedimensional (3D) matrix harvested from human gingiva and the cell behavior in this matrix. Materials and Methods: In this experimental research, in order to prepare 3D scaffolds, human palatal gingival biopsies were harvested and physically decellularized by freezethawing and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). The scaffolds were placed within the rings of blastema tissues obtained from a pinna rabbit, in vitro. We evaluated the presence of glycoconjugatesand cellular behavior according to histological, histochemical and spectrophotometry techniques at one, two and three weeks after culture. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA)comparedthe groups. Results: Extracellular matrix (ECM) remained after decellularization of tissue with 1% SDS. Glycoconjugate contents decreased meaningfully at a higher SDS concentration (p<0.0001). After culture of the ECM scaffold with blastema, we observed increased staining of alcian blue, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) and toluidine blue in the scaffold and a number of other migrant cells which was caused by cell penetrationinto the scaffold. Spectrophotometry results showed an increase in glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) of the decellularized scaffolds at three weeks after culture. Conclusion: The present study has shown that a scaffold generated from palatal gingival tissue ECM is a suitable substrate for blastema cell migration and activity.This scaffold maypotentially be useful as a biological scaffold in tissue engineering applications.

Keywords

, Blastema Tissue, Scaffold, Gingiva, Decellularization, Extracellular
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@article{paperid:1053089,
author = {Somayeh Naderi and Jina Khayat Zadeh and Mahdavi SHahri, Nasser and Khadijeh Nejad Shahrokh Abady and Mojtaba Cheravi and Javad Baharara and Seyed Ali Banihashem Rad and Bahrami, Ahmad Reza},
title = {Three-Dimensional Scaffold from Decellularized Human Gingiva for Cell Cultures: Glycoconjugates and Cell Behavior},
journal = {Cell Journal},
year = {2013},
volume = {15},
number = {2},
month = {August},
issn = {2228-5806},
pages = {166--175},
numpages = {9},
keywords = {Blastema Tissue; Scaffold; Gingiva; Decellularization; Extracellular Matrix},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Three-Dimensional Scaffold from Decellularized Human Gingiva for Cell Cultures: Glycoconjugates and Cell Behavior
%A Somayeh Naderi
%A Jina Khayat Zadeh
%A Mahdavi SHahri, Nasser
%A Khadijeh Nejad Shahrokh Abady
%A Mojtaba Cheravi
%A Javad Baharara
%A Seyed Ali Banihashem Rad
%A Bahrami, Ahmad Reza
%J Cell Journal
%@ 2228-5806
%D 2013

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