Journal of Surgical Research, Volume (201), No (4), Year (2015-4) , Pages (1-7)

Title : ( Iatrogenic injuries of the extrahepatic biliary system )

Authors: Ghodratollah Maddah , Mohammad Taghi Rajabi Mashhadi , Mehdi Parvizi Mashhadi , Mehdi Jabbari Nooghabi , Masoumeh Hassanpour , Abbas Abdollahi ,

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Background: Iatrogenic traumatic extrahepatic biliary tract injuries though rarely occur; they can lead to exceedingly morbid complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the management strategies and outcomes of patients presented with iatrogenic bile duct injuries. Methods: This is a retrospective study. Over 19 y, 124 patients were managed for iatrogenic biliary injuries at our institution. The data related to the etiology of biliary tract injury, symptoms of injury, laboratory and radiologic studies, injury-to-diagnosis time, type of biliary tract injury, injury management, hospitalization time, and postoperative complications were reviewed. Results: The main clinical presentations were jaundice or recurrent cholangitis in 64 (51.61%) patients, followed by bile peritonitis in 34 (56.67%) and biliary fistula in 26 (43.33%) patients. Only in 23 (18.54%) cases, the injury was recognized intraoperatively. The most frequent surgical procedure was open cholecystectomy in 81 (65.32%) of 124 patients. The remaining patients were operated on laparoscopically. Good results were achieved in 99 of 101 patients with direct suture repair including hepaticojejunostomy, choledocoduodenostomy, and choledochocholedochostomy (98.02% success rate) at the first attempt. Three cases (2.97%) of biliary strictures after direct suture technique and four (3.96%) cases of postoperative mortalities were detected. The mortality rate was mostly affected by male gender, advanced age, and existence of bile peritonitis. Totally, 111 (89.52%) patients are still alive with a mean follow-up time of 78  38 (2e230) mo. Conclusions: Biliary injuries can be sometimes life-threatening complications. A successful repair may provide patients with a lifelong relief from symptoms, whereas a failed repair may result in recurrent biliary obstruction, reoperation, and even death.

Keywords

Cholecystectomy Iatrogenic disease Bile ducts Biliary
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@article{paperid:1054087,
author = {Ghodratollah Maddah and Mohammad Taghi Rajabi Mashhadi and Mehdi Parvizi Mashhadi and Jabbari Nooghabi, Mehdi and Masoumeh Hassanpour and Abbas Abdollahi},
title = {Iatrogenic injuries of the extrahepatic biliary system},
journal = {Journal of Surgical Research},
year = {2015},
volume = {201},
number = {4},
month = {April},
issn = {0022-4804},
pages = {1--7},
numpages = {6},
keywords = {Cholecystectomy Iatrogenic disease Bile ducts Biliary stricture},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Iatrogenic injuries of the extrahepatic biliary system
%A Ghodratollah Maddah
%A Mohammad Taghi Rajabi Mashhadi
%A Mehdi Parvizi Mashhadi
%A Jabbari Nooghabi, Mehdi
%A Masoumeh Hassanpour
%A Abbas Abdollahi
%J Journal of Surgical Research
%@ 0022-4804
%D 2015

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