Tumor Biology, ( ISI ), Volume (37), Year (2016-1) , Pages (7-21)

Title : ( Cancer stem cells in human digestive tract malignancies )

Authors: Fatemeh Behnam Rassouli , Maryam Moghaddam Matin , Morvarid Saeinasab ,

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Digestive tract malignancies, including oral, pharyngeal, esophageal, gastric, and colorectal cancers, are among the top 10 most common cancers worldwide. In spite of using various treatment modalities, cancer patients still suffer from recurrence and metastasis of malignant cells. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are undifferentiated and highly proliferative malignant cells with unique properties mediated by overexpression of stemness markers, metastasis-related proteins, drug transporters, and DNA repair machinery. Due to their salient characteristics, it has been suggested that CSCs are responsible for tumor initiation, progression, invasion, recurrence, and therapy resistance. Exploring different aspects of CSC biology has fueled a great enthusiasm in designing novel therapeutic strategies to help patients. For instance, identification of markers associated with digestive tract CSCs, such as CD44, CD133, CD24, EpCAM, LGR5, ALDH1, and BMI1,has made it possible to develop more accurate diagnosis approaches. In addition, specifically targeting CSCs by their markers imposes fewer side effects and improves therapeutic outcomes. Here, we focus on the current status of CSC biology in digestive tract cancers, with emphasis on CSC markers, and review achieved progress in eradication of digestive tract CSC cells.


Digestive tract malignancies . Cancer stem cells . Molecular
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author = {Behnam Rassouli, Fatemeh and Moghaddam Matin, Maryam and Saeinasab, Morvarid},
title = {Cancer stem cells in human digestive tract malignancies},
journal = {Tumor Biology},
year = {2016},
volume = {37},
month = {January},
issn = {1010-4283},
pages = {7--21},
numpages = {14},
keywords = {Digestive tract malignancies . Cancer stem cells . Molecular markers},


%0 Journal Article
%T Cancer stem cells in human digestive tract malignancies
%A Behnam Rassouli, Fatemeh
%A Moghaddam Matin, Maryam
%A Saeinasab, Morvarid
%J Tumor Biology
%@ 1010-4283
%D 2016