Reproduction, Fertility and Development, Volume (1), No (1), Year (2016-4) , Pages (1-9)

Title : ( Oestrogenic action of neonatal tamoxifen on the hypothalamus and reproductive system in female mice )

Authors: Rahmatollah parandin , Morteza Behnam Rassouli , Nasser Mahdavi SHahri ,

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Tamoxifen, a selective oestrogen receptor modulator, is widely used for both the treatment and prevention of breast cancer in women; however, it is known to have adverse effects in the female reproductive system. Growing evidence suggests that oestrogen-sensitive neuron populations of the anteroventral periventricular (AVPV) nucleus and arcuate (ARC) nucleus, especially kisspeptin neurons, play a pivotal role in the timing of puberty onset and reproductive function. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether neonatal exposure to tamoxifen affects oestrogenic actions in the brain and reproductive function in mice. On 1 to 5 postnatal days, female pups were injected subcutaneously with sesame oil (sham), oestradiol benzoate (EB; 20 mgkg 1), tamoxifen (0.4 mg kg 1) or EBþtamoxifen. Control mice received no treatment. Mice in the EB, tamoxifen and tamoxifenþEB groups exhibited advanced vaginal opening, disrupted oestrous cycles and a decreased follicular pool. Conversely, in these groups, there was a reduction in kisspeptin (Kiss1) mRNA expression, the neuronal density of AVPV and ARC nuclei and LH and oestradiol concentrations in the serum. The results of the present study confirm oestrogenic actions of tamoxifen in the brain and reproductive system. In addition, we show, for the first time, that tamoxifen has oestrogenic effects on the oestrogen-sensitive hypothalamic AVPV and ARC nuclei controlling the reproductive axis in female mice.

Keywords

, neuroendocrinology, oestrogen, oestrous,
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@article{paperid:1056670,
author = {Parandin, Rahmatollah and Behnam Rassouli, Morteza and Mahdavi SHahri, Nasser},
title = {Oestrogenic action of neonatal tamoxifen on the hypothalamus and reproductive system in female mice},
journal = {Reproduction, Fertility and Development},
year = {2016},
volume = {1},
number = {1},
month = {April},
issn = {1031-3613},
pages = {1--9},
numpages = {8},
keywords = {neuroendocrinology; oestrogen; oestrous; ovary},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Oestrogenic action of neonatal tamoxifen on the hypothalamus and reproductive system in female mice
%A Parandin, Rahmatollah
%A Behnam Rassouli, Morteza
%A Mahdavi SHahri, Nasser
%J Reproduction, Fertility and Development
%@ 1031-3613
%D 2016

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