Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, ( ISI ), Volume (34), No (1), Year (2017-1) , Pages (78-89)

Title : ( Photostability and visible-light-driven photoactivity enhancement of hierarchical ZnS nanoparticles: The role of embedment of stable defect sites on the catalyst surface with the assistant of ultrasonic waves )

Authors: Tahereh Mahvelati Shamsabadi , Elaheh Kafshdare Goharshadi ,

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Zinc sulfide is a UV-active photocatalyst and it undergoes photocorrosion under light irradiation. In this work, the defect sites on ZnS nanoparticles (NPs) surfaces were induced with the help of powerful ultra- sonic waves. The defect sites caused (1) suppression of photocorrosion in a large extent under UV light irradiation and (2) enhancement of visible light photo activity. The photocorrosion inhibition was induced by raising valence band (VB) position through the formation of interstitial zinc and sulfur vacancy states in the ZnS band structure and weakening of oxidative capacity of hole. The enhancement of visible light photocatalytic activity may be related to the generation of more defect energy states in the ZnS band gap. Under visible light irradiation, the electron was excited from the ZnS VB to the interstitial sulfur and zinc vacancy states before injecting into the conduction band of ZnS. Therefore, we modified the band gap of ZnS so that it acts as a visible light active photocatalyst. ZnS NPs were prepared using two different classical and ultrasound methods. The prepared ZnS using ultrasound method, exhibited more outstanding photocatalytic activity for degrading reactive black 5 (RB5) under UV and sunlight irra- diation in comparison with the classical method. Details of the degradation mechanism under UV light were investigated. This work provides new insights to understanding the photocorrosion stability and visible light activity of bare ZnS photocatalyst.

Keywords

, Ultrasonic irradiation, ZnS NPs, Defect energy states Photocorrosion inhibition, Visible photocatalytic
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@article{paperid:1056941,
author = {Mahvelati Shamsabadi, Tahereh and Kafshdare Goharshadi, Elaheh},
title = {Photostability and visible-light-driven photoactivity enhancement of hierarchical ZnS nanoparticles: The role of embedment of stable defect sites on the catalyst surface with the assistant of ultrasonic waves},
journal = {Ultrasonics Sonochemistry},
year = {2017},
volume = {34},
number = {1},
month = {January},
issn = {1350-4177},
pages = {78--89},
numpages = {11},
keywords = {Ultrasonic irradiation; ZnS NPs; Defect energy states Photocorrosion inhibition; Visible photocatalytic activity},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Photostability and visible-light-driven photoactivity enhancement of hierarchical ZnS nanoparticles: The role of embedment of stable defect sites on the catalyst surface with the assistant of ultrasonic waves
%A Mahvelati Shamsabadi, Tahereh
%A Kafshdare Goharshadi, Elaheh
%J Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
%@ 1350-4177
%D 2017

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