Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, Volume (50), Year (2016-6) , Pages (128-134)

Title : ( Application of nodal pressure measurements in leak detection )

Authors: Hamid Reza Asgari , Mahmoud Faghfour Maghrebi ,

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Leaks are inevitable phenomena that are present in all water distribution systems (WDSs). The locations of leaks are determined through various methods, such as physical inspection of pipes, acoustic listening devices, and hydraulic network equations. Leak can be located by measuring the nodal pressure in a pipe, which is more effective and less expensive than measuring the amount of discharged water. These locating techniques focus on the direct relationship between leak and pressure. This study aims to devise a new method for locating a single leak in an entire WDS pipe line. The exact location of the leak is identified by analyzing the differences in the pressure of the pipes. In the proposed model, the leak refers to the beginning and end nodes of the pipe. The minimum number of pressure measurements to form a relative leak index is two. However, in this case two nodal pressure measurements is too few and the number of pressure measurement should be increased. Therefore the next option for the number of measurements is three. Although the real leaky pipe is in the list, it cannot identify the actual leaky pipe from two pseudo leaky pipes. So, the number of pressure measurements is increased to four. In a network with a moderate size, in least four nodal pressure measurements are required to detect the leak location.


, Nodal pressure, Water distribution system, Leak
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author = {Hamid Reza Asgari and Faghfour Maghrebi, Mahmoud},
title = {Application of nodal pressure measurements in leak detection},
journal = {Flow Measurement and Instrumentation},
year = {2016},
volume = {50},
month = {June},
issn = {0955-5986},
pages = {128--134},
numpages = {6},
keywords = {Nodal pressure; Water distribution system; Leak},


%0 Journal Article
%T Application of nodal pressure measurements in leak detection
%A Hamid Reza Asgari
%A Faghfour Maghrebi, Mahmoud
%J Flow Measurement and Instrumentation
%@ 0955-5986
%D 2016