مراقبت مبتنی بر شواهد - Evidence Based Care, Volume (6), No (2), Year (2016-8) , Pages (39-48)

Title : ( Effect of Cognitive Pain Self-Management Program on Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in Women with Chron ic Musculoskeletal Pain: A Pilot Study )

Authors: faezeh salayani , Mohaamad Javad Asgari Ebrahimabad , Ali Mashhadi , Seyyed Reza Attarzadeh Hosseini , Reihaneh Ahmadzadeh Ghavidel , Hosein Mashhadi Nejad ,

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Background: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is a worldwide health problem. Anxiety and depression are common among patients suffering from chronic pain. Self-management strategies are used to help patients manage the emotional distress associated with pain. Aim: To evaluate the effects of cognitive pain self-mana gement program (CPSMP) on depression, anxiety, and stress in women with chronic pain. Method: This pilot study with a pretest-posttest design performed on 20 women with chronic pain, who were referred to Imam-Reza and Qaem Clinic Cent ers and Clinical Psychology Center of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran, during June-O ctober 2014. The participants randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The in tervention comprised of eight 120-min weekly group sessions. CPSMP employs the principles of cog nitive therapy and self-management program strategies. The control group received regular treatment sessions. At pre-and post-test, the participants completed Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21). The data were analyzed using Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney U tests. Results: The mean ages of the intervention and control groups were 35.2±9 and 32.5±11 years, respectively. After the intervention, Mann-Whitney U test did not reflect a significant difference between the intervention and control groups in term s of depression (P=0.14). Moreover, the results of Mann-Whitney test revealed a significant difference between the groups regarding anxiety (P<0.001) and stress (P=0.04). Implications for Practice: CPSMP can be effective for reducing anxiety and stress in women with chronic pain. Further studies with larger sample sizes and more extended follow-ups are recommended.

Keywords

, Chronic pain, Pain management program, Depression, Anxiety, Stress,
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@article{paperid:1057528,
author = {Salayani, Faezeh and Asgari Ebrahimabad, Mohaamad Javad and Mashhadi, Ali and Attarzadeh Hosseini, Seyyed Reza and Reihaneh Ahmadzadeh Ghavidel and Hosein Mashhadi Nejad},
title = {Effect of Cognitive Pain Self-Management Program on Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in Women with Chron ic Musculoskeletal Pain: A Pilot Study},
journal = {مراقبت مبتنی بر شواهد - Evidence Based Care},
year = {2016},
volume = {6},
number = {2},
month = {August},
issn = {2008-2487},
pages = {39--48},
numpages = {9},
keywords = {Chronic pain; Pain management program; Depression; Anxiety; Stress; Women},
}

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%0 Journal Article
%T Effect of Cognitive Pain Self-Management Program on Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in Women with Chron ic Musculoskeletal Pain: A Pilot Study
%A Salayani, Faezeh
%A Asgari Ebrahimabad, Mohaamad Javad
%A Mashhadi, Ali
%A Attarzadeh Hosseini, Seyyed Reza
%A Reihaneh Ahmadzadeh Ghavidel
%A Hosein Mashhadi Nejad
%J مراقبت مبتنی بر شواهد - Evidence Based Care
%@ 2008-2487
%D 2016

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